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Ch. 7 Section 2
Important people, events, and places
|Shay's Rebellion - It was led by Daniel Shays in Massachusetts.
|Judges were taking away farmers' land to pay debts and jailing the farmers. It was viewed as tyranny. One thousand farmers marched toward the federal arsenal in search of gums and ammo. Warning shots were fired,but the farmers continued.4 died.
|He was a Virginia planter who wanted change. He supported a strong national government. He was known as the "Father of the Constitution" because he wrote the basic plan of government that the convention followed.
|He was a New York lawyer. He also wanted change. He called for a meeting to be held in September of 1786. The meeting was finally held in May of 1787.
|Virginia Plan - supported a strong national government lower house-representation based on population
|was the work of James Madison but introduced by Edmund Randolph.1)Had a 2 house legislature 2)chief executive would be chosen by the legislature)had a court system 4)lower house representatives chosen by the people 5)upper house chosen by lower house
|New Jersey Plan
|1)had a one house legislature 2) each state had one vote 3) Congress could set taxes and regulate trade 4) Congress would choose the executive branch - more than one person - this would have a weak national government 5)designed to improve the Articles
|It was presented by Roger Sherman. 1) The lower house would have the number of representatives for a state determined by the population of the state. 2) The upper house would have two representatives from each state.
|Every five enslaved people would count as three free people. This formula was used for taxation and representation.
|Virginia Plan not liked by the small states
|The small states did not like the Virginia Plan because these states had a small population and would not have an equal vote as the larger states would. The number of representatives would be determined by population.The Great Compromise settled this.