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URINARY

A&P 104

TermDefinition
NEPHRONES WHERE URINE PRODUCTION OCCURS
MINOR CAYLX DUCTS THAT URINE DRAIN INTO
CALYCES FROM THE RENAL PELVIS
NEPHRONE RENAL CORPSULE (BOWMANS CAPSULE)
CORPUSCLE FILTERS PLASMA, NUTRIENTS, IONS, AND WATER
TUBULES REABSORB MOLECULES, IONS, AND SECRETES WASTE
GLOMERULAR CAPSULE OUTER WALL OF CORPUSCLE
PROXIMAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE 1ST SEGMENT OF RENAL TUBULE, RE-ABSORPTION OCCURS HERE
LOOP OF HENELY REMOVES 50% OF WATER AND 66% OF SODIUM
ASCENDING LOOP PUMPS SOLUTES INTO IF
DESCENDING LOOP WATER ONLY
DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE ACTIVE SECRETION OF IONS, ACID, DRUGS, AND TOXINS, INCREASES ADH (VASOPRESSION)
UREA AMINO ACID BREAK DOWN
CREATINE HIGH ENERGY COMPOUND BREAK DOWN
URIC ACID BREAK DOWN OF RNA
GLOMERULAR BP MUST STAY HIGH
GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE CONTROLLED BY AUTOREGULATION, HORMONAL, AND AUTONOMIC
GFR HORMONES ADH, ALDOSTERONE, ANP, ANGIOTENSIN 2
GFR INCREASE IN BP CAUSES AN INCREASE IN
RELEASE OF RENIN WHEN BP IS LOW FROM JGC, COVERTS ANGETONSIN 1 INTO ANGIOTENSIN 2
ACE CONVERTS ANGIOTENSIN 1 INTO ANGIOTENSIN 2
ALDOSTERONE RELEASED FROM ADRENAL GLANDS AND REABSORBS SODIUM AND K+
ANP RISE IN BP RESULTS IN INHIBITION OF RENIN AND ALDOSTERONE
ADH DECREASES IN SODIUM REABSORPTION
URETERS TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIUM TISSUE
SODIUM MOST COMMON ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE
VITAMIN K+ IS INTRACELLULAR
7.35-7.45 NORMAL PH
7.35 AND BELOW ACIDOSIS
ABOVE 7.45 ALKALOSIS
MEDULLA INNER LAYER OF KIDNEY SHAPED LIKE A PYRAMID
CORTEX OUTER LAYER OF KIDNEY
RENAL PAPILLA TIP PROJECTS INTO RENAL PELVIS
Created by: lula78