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digestion

A&P 104

QuestionAnswer
WHERE DOES DIGESTION BEGIN ORAL CAVITY
WHAT INVOLVES THE MECHANICAL PROCESSING, MOISTENING, AND MIXING. ORAL CAVITY, TEETH, TONGUE
WHAT INVOLVES MUSCULAR PROPULSION OF MATERIALS INTO THE ESOPHAGUS. PHARNYX
WHAT INVOLVES THE TRANSPORT OF MATERIALS TO THE STOMACH. ESOPHAGUS
WHERE DOES THE BREAKING DOWN OF MATERIALS BY ACID AND ENZYMES OCCUR. STOMACH
WHAT ARE THE 4 REGIONS OF THE STOMACH. CARDIA-TOP, FUNDUS- SUPERIOR, BODY-LARGEST, PYLORUS - DISTAL
WHAT INVOLVES THE ENZYMATIC DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION OF WATER AND VITAMINS. SMALL INTESTINE
DEHYDRATION AND COMPACTION OF INDIGESTIBLE MATERIALS TAKE PLACE HERE. LARGE INTESTINE
WHAT REGULATES FLOW OF CHYME. PYLORIC SPHINCTER
WHERE SECRETION OF LUBRICATING FLUID CONTAINING ENZYMES AND BREAK DOWN CARBS . SALIVARY GLANDS
WHAT IS NOT AN ACCESSORY ORGAN LIVER
SECRETION OF BILE AND STORAGE OF NUTRIENTS HAPPEN HERE LIVER
STORAGE AND CONCENTRATION OF BILE GALBLADDER
WHERE EXOCRINE CELLS SECRETE BUFFERS AND DIGESTIVE ENZYMES PANCREAS
WHAT BEGINS THE CHEMICAL DIGESTION OF STARCHES (CARBS) AMYLASE
FRONT TEETH THAT ARE LIKE BLADES INCISORS
TEETH THAT TEARS AND SLASHES FOOD CUSPIDS
TEETH THAT ARE FLAT WITH RIDGES AND USED FOR CRUSHING AND MASHING BICUSPIDS (MOLARS)
MIXTURE OF FOODS AND GASTRIC SECRETIONS CHYME
INITIATES PROTEIN DIGESTION PEPSIN
WHAT SECRETS B12 PARTIAL CELLS
SECRETES PEPSINOGEN CHIEF CELLS
WHERE DOES SECRETION OF PEPSIN OCCUR STOMACH
SIGHT, SMELL, TASTE CEPHALIC PHASE
G CELLS PRODUCE GASTRIN GASTRIC
BEGINS WHEN CHYME ENTERS SMALL INTESTINE INTESTINAL PHASE
CLOSE TO STOMACH DUODENUM
MAJOR SITE FOR DIGESTION JEJUNUM
LONGEST SEGMENT OF INTESTINE ILEUM
G CELLS POSITIVE FEEDBACK
LOW PH CHYME SECRETIN
HIGH FAT CHYME CHOLECYSTOKIN
HIGH FAT, HIGH GLUCOSE CHYME GIP
BREAKS DOWN FAT LIPASE
TRYPSIN, CHYMOTRYPSIN, CARBOXYPEPTIDE PANCREAS ENZYMES
FAT SOLUBLE ENZYMES IN THE LIVER A,D,E,K
CELLS THAT REMOVE OLD RBC KUPFFER
WHAT BREAKS UP FAT MOLECULES BILE SALTS
STORAGE OF BILE GALBLADDER
VITAMINS ABSORBED IN THE LARGE INTESTINE K,BIOTIN, B5
INNER LINING OF LUMEN OF THE GI TRACT MUCOSA
REGULATES SECRETIONS & MOTILITY/ PARASYMPATHETIC NEURONS SUBMUCOSA
AMINO ACID BREAK DOWN REQUIRES B6
MUST BE IN THE DIET ESSINTAL
CAN BE SYNTHESIZED IN THE CELLS NONESSENTIAL
BAD CHOLESTEROL LDL
GOOD CHOLESTEROL HDL
REQUIRES O2 AND MORE EFFECENT AEROBIC METABOLISM
REQUIRES NO O2 ANEROBIC METABOLISM
BREAK DOWN ORGANIC MOLECULES CATABOLISM
SYNTHESIS OF NEW ORGANIC ANABOLISM
BREAKING OF A BOND IN A MOLECULE USING WATER BETWEEN ION/WATER, CHANGES PH HYDROLYSIS
GENERATION OR BUILD UP OF GLUCOSE GLUCOGENOSIS
Created by: lula78
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