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8 SS Ch 21 & 22

Immigration and Progressives Review Sheet

Identify the difference: When did "old immigrants" come to America vs. when did "new immigrants" came to America? Old immigrants: Came before 1885 New Immigrants: Came in late 1880s
Identify the difference: Where did old immigrants come from vs. where did new immigrants came from? Old came from England, Ireland, Germany, and Scandinavia (Northern Europe) New came from Sourthern and Eastern Europe, Asia, Korea, India, and the Philippines
Identify the difference: The characteristics of life in America for the old immigrants vs. characteristics of life in America for the new immigrants The old immigrants faced discrimination at first, but then they were drawn into American life and spoke English. Only a few of the new immigrants spoke English. Their languages and religions were so different they did not adapt to American life as well.
Identify the difference: Where did old immigrants live compared to where the new immigrants lived? 1 out of 5 old immigrants lived in a city. More where homesteaders (farms). 1 out of 3 new immigrants lived in the city and worked in the industries.
What were the rules of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882? No new Chinese laborers could enter the US. and Chinese laborers already in America could never come back to America if they left.
What motivated the US government to pass the Chinese Exclusion Act? Americans became prejudiced and violent against the Chinese for earning a lot of money in America and then going back to China and live as rich and respected members of Chinese society.
Identify 3 factors that drew Americans to large cities in the 19th and 20th centuries. 1. There were jobs in the industries in the cities. 2. To find a better life in the city than on the farms (farming was difficult) 3. As the nation industrialized after the Civil War, urbanization became much more rapid.
What was the purpose of James Addams' "Hull House?" The purpose of the Hull House was to provide services to poor immigrants.
List 5 services Jane Addams offered to poor immigrants. 1.Taught immigrants to speak English 2.Provided nurseries for working mothers 3.Organized sports and theatre for young people 4.Gave classes in health care 5.Investigated bad social and economic conditions in the city
What was a muckraker? An INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALIST who exposes corruption and terrible conditions in cities, factories, and business
Name three muckrackers. Ida Tarbell, Jacob Riis, Upton Sinclair
For IDA TARBELL identify: 1.Societal Problem she wanted to fix 2.Method she used to expose it 3.Results 1.Unfair business practices of Monopolies/Trusts 2.Wrote article in McClure Magazine"The History of Standard Oil 3.Articles led Government to take tighter control over monopolies/trusts by passing the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and Clayton Ant-iturst Act
For JACOB RIIS identify 1.Societal Problem he wanted to fix 2.Method he used to expose it 3.Results 1.Slum life in cities:Tenements, poverty, homelessness, disease, no fire protection. 2.Book "How the Other Half Lives" showed poverty to middle class 3.NYC tenements/sweatshops closed, better schools, sewer, garbage collection, indoor plumbing
For UPTON SINCLAIR, identify: 1.Societal Problem he wanted to fix 2.Method he used to expose it 3.Results 1.Unsanitary factories like Chicago meat-packing plants 2.Book "The Jungle" showing gruesome details of meat processing and packaging 3.The Pure Food & Drug Act requiring federal inspection of meat expiration dates and ingredients on labels
Summarize the component of LABOR in the Square Deal The Square Deal forced the owners of coal mines to pay better wages to the coal miners.
Summarize the component of BUSINESS in the Square Deal The Square Deal forced railroads to give fair rates to small businesses who wanted to ship/receive goods by rail cars
Summarize the component of CONSUMERS in the Square Deal The Square Deal forced Congress to pass laws protecting people from impure food and drugs
Summarize the component of ENVIRONMENT in the Square Deal The Square Deal established National Parks and more than 125 million acres of forests
What was Teddy Roosevelt's position on trusts/monopolies? T.R. was proud of what the big businesses could produce but he also wanted to protect small businesses and workers. He wanted everyone to have a fair deal. He believed some trusts were good, but some were bad
1. Which aspect of Teddy Roosevelt's presidency is considered his crowning achievement 2.Why 1. 2.
Define NATIVISM The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against the interests of immigrants
Define TRUST/MONOPOLY The exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a service Ex. Standard Oil controlled oil industry
Define INDUSTRIALIZATION The transforming of a society from a primarily agricultural society to one based on the manufacturing of goods and services/industry
Define URBANIZATION When an increasing percentage of the population lives in the cities and suburbs instead of on farms in the country
Define TENEMENTS 1.A piece of land held by an owner (that other people live on) 2.Single family dwellings that were divided up into many small rooms with no plumbing, poor ventilation, poor electricy
Created by: ltorff



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