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Civics and economics

Jurisdiction The right of a court to hear a case and make a decision
Juvenile A person under the age of 18
Judicial Review The right of courts to determine the constitutionality of 1. Laws 2. Acts of the executive branch
Criminal Law Determines whether a person is or is not guilty of breaking a law
Civil Law When the court settles a disagreement between two parties. (Ex: divorce , employee vs. boss or company)
Case Procedures Proper steps law enforcement (police) and courts must take during criminal cases or investigations
Bail the temporary release of a prisoner in exchange for security given for the due appearance of the prisoner
Arraignment to state the charges against someone who is accused of a crime in a formal procedure before a judge
Probable Cause evidence that gives someone a reason to think that a crime has been or is being committed
Plaintiff a person who sues another person or accuses another person of a crime ( CIVIL ONLY)
Defendant a person who is being sued or accused of a crime in a court of law (Civil and Criminal)
Compensation something that is done or given to make up for damage, trouble (Ex: money, community service)
Due Process The Constitutional protection against unfair government actions and laws
Appellate Court deals with people attempting to reverse legal decisions.
Misdemeanor minor offense, rather than a serious crime
Felony serious crime, like murder, arson, or burglary.
Jury group that decides a contest or a court case together
Jail a correctional institution used to detain persons who are in the lawful custody of the government
PLea a defendant's answer by a factual matter
verdict the findings of a jury on issues of fact submitted to it for decision
Damages a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury
Indictment a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
appeal take a court case to a higher court for review
Created by: 3059192
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