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Social Studies Test

Sparta One of the two of the largest city-states in Greece. A city which is aggressive and trained to fight in war. Oligarchy, focused on war and military
Agora An open area where goods were traded and news was discussed Many ideas and goods were traded and brought to Greece. It was a market and a place where people could meet and debate issues
Peninsula A land form with ocean on 3 sides That is where mainland Greece is
Strait A narrow strip of water between 2 pieces of land Helped fighting in one of the Persian war.
Parthenon The best known architectural temple dedicated to Gods and Godesses Workers hauled 20,000 tons of marble and took 15 years to build this.
Polis A tiny independent country Had its own government, usually where the Agora took place
Greek City-States Both Athens and Sparta where city-states. They had their own forms of government. A tiny independent country Only free, native born, land-owning men could be citizens
Cyrus the Great A king of Persia People really liked him. Managed to unite the Persians into a powerful kingdom
Xerxes Another king of Persia Wanted to conquer Greece for revenge
Satrapies A group of provinces that was divided to help the king better rule Persia A satrap was in charge of each satrapy to make sure the province was being ruled correctly
Minoans A civilization who built ships and traded Civilization was the first to come to Greece in Crete. It was a city which made wealth from trade
Myceneans Invades that took over Greece from Minoans. Originally from central Asia. A farmland with an acropolis in the middle
Hoplites Name for Greek foot soldiers Ordinary citizens in the army
Age of Pericles Athens golden age Athens blossomed under his leadership
Pericles Leader of athens Believed that people should be involved in government
Dorians A Greek-speaking people who lived in Greece's northern mountains Brought weapons to Greece
Direct democracy People gathered at mass meetings to decide on government matters. All citizens could vote Athenians had a strong faith in their democratic system. It was a very big part of their everyday life
Oligarchy A few people who hold power. Form of government in Sparta
Assembly Sparta and Athens both had assemblies Athens had a group of 10 generals that carried out the assembly's laws
Delian League Athens joined with other city-states (excluding Sparta) to protect against the Persians It defends Athenians against Persians and helped fight in the wars .
Tyrant Rules with total authority Some of the kings of Persia were tyrants. The growing unhappiness let to the rise of tyrants
Salamis The Greek fleet attacked the Persian fleet in the strait of Salamis. The Greeks destroyed almost the entire Persian fleet and they had time to flee from Athens. They won because their ships were smaller and faster
Spartan Soldiers Boys leave at age 7 to live in the barracks, at age 20, they join the regular army, at age 30, Spartans returned home but stayed in the army until age 60 Spartans feared that the helots might someday rebel as a result the government firmly controlled the people of Sparta and trained the boys and men for war. They took land from neighbors by conquering them.
Athenian soldiers Fought using ships to defeat the Persians, but could not defeat the Spartans in the Peloponnesian war. They promised to pass their fatherland on in a better condition
Peloponnesian war Sparta and other city-states battle Athens It shattered any possibilities of cooperation among the Greeks and the fall of Greece
Athens One of the two of the largest city-states in Greece. Athens was a peaceful city that worked on education, not war. Democracy, focused on Government and Education
Created by: karpags_siva



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