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American Revolution

Preamble to the Declaration of Independence The first part of the letter that tells why the Declaration was needed.
Natural Rights states that all people have certain rights that governments cannot take away
List of Grievances list of complaints against the king and Parliament lists the ways that colonists had tried to settle differences with Britain
American advantages fighting for their rights, fighting at home, had French and Spanish support, great leadership
American disadvantages difficulty coming up with money to purchase needed supplies, most Indian tribes sided with British, faced a trained army from most powerful nation in the world, untrained and small army
British advantages had experience winning wars, professional soldiers; best military in the world, well equipped and trained, funding war easier, hired mercenaries
British disadvantages fighting war from home on enemy territory, supplies had to travel long distances, had difficult time persuading Americans to give up claims of independence, lacked public support
Battles of Lexington and Concord "Shot heard 'round the world", General Gage planned to capture the leader of the Sons of Liberty and take the patriots weapons
Battle of Bunker Hill earthworks were built, "don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes", wrongly named (Breed's Hill) - British victory - ran out of ammunition
Battle of Trenton Trenton, NJ Crossed the Delaware and marched 9 miles on Christmas night - led by George Washington surprised sleeping Hessians, American victory
Battle of Saratoga Saratoga, NY Benedict Arnold (as a patriot) led by a group of soldiers American victory, became known as a turning point
Battle of Yorktown on Chesapeake Bay - made it easy to attack the trapped British soldiers by land and sea Cornwallis (British) was trapped and gave up (surrendered) Last major battle of the war
Valley Forge campground for Washington and his troops, kept watch on British, soldiers did not have proper clothing, sang "Yankee Doodle", help from Marquis de Lafayette and Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
Thomas Paine was a writer during the American Revolution, wrote pamphlet Common Sense
Friedrich von Steuben was a German officer who used his drills to discipline the Continental Army in Valley Forge
Nathanael Green Continental officer who lead Americans to major victory against the British at Cowpens
Battle of Kettle Creek near Athens, GA the victory kept the British from advancing to Savannah and capturing the port
John Paul Jones a naval officer
Marquis de Lafayette a French soldier and statesman, fought for the American colonies, helped train the troops at Valley Forge, the soldiers friend
Charles Cornwallis British general who surrendered at the Battle of Yorktown
Nathan Hale soldier for the Continental army, was a spy but was caught by British and hanged, known for his last words, "I only regret that I had one life to give..."
independence the freedom to govern on one's own
resolution a formal group statement
declaration an official statement
Benedict Arnold Continental officer who became a traitor
patriots supported independence from Britain
loyalists remained loyal to the king
Articles of Confederation country's first plan of government
treason working against one's own government
Treaty of Paris officially ended the war
Women's roles in the war ran family farms and businesses, took water to soldiers, cooked food, washed clothes, acted as nurses for injured soldiers
Phillis Wheatley a slave who became known for her poetry
Created by: evananna
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