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Ancient Egypt

vocab

TermDefinition
Hieroglyphics pictograph and phonogram form of Egyptian writing
Dynasty rulers that that are blood related
Papyrus reed from the Nile River used for making paper. Also eaten by poor Egyptians in salads.
Embalming Process of preparing a dead body for mummification in Egypt. Started as a way to preserve the body of the Pharaoh for the afterlife.
Pyramid Stone tomb created in the Old Kingdom for the afterlife of the Pharaoh.
Cataract Rapid, rocky, impassable areas along the Nile River. There are six cataracts along the Nile.
Pharaoh Ruler of Egypt. Means "Great House"
Scribe Males who could read and write. The scribe's education took 12 years to complete.
Kemet Egyptian name for "Black Land" which stands for the fertile soil found along the Nile River.
Polytheism The belief in many gods.
Kush Kingdom\Kushites People once called Nubia or Nubians. Conquered Egypt for 70 years. Coped much of the Egyptian way life.
Upper and Lower Egypt Once Kingdoms, united by Menes (Narmer). Upper Egypt found around the 2nd cataract (south) of the Nile. Lower Egypt found around the Nile Delta.
Social Hierarchy\ Social Structure Usually in the shape of a pyramid. Division based on social classes, education, jobs, etc.
Natural Barriers of the Nile River Marshes around the Delta, cataracts in the South, Deserts in the West and East.
Old Kingdom Also called the Age of Pyramids. Building of the pyramids, ended because of nobles quarreling, and economic woes.
Middle Kingdom Large irrigation and canal projects, time of prosperity, time of arts and literature. Time of prosperity and stability.
New Kingdom Also called Age of Empires. Expanding trade, tributes, expansion of land and building projects.
Gift of the Nile The River provides life to Egypt. No Nile No Egypt.
Iron Weapon Egypt had no iron ore, must trade to get. Enemies with iron weapons defeated Egypt ending the New Kingdom.
King Khufu The Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a tomb for this Pharaoh.
Hatshepsut Female Pharaoh during the New Kingdom. She expanded trade to Punt (Ethiopia). Brought wealth to Egypt through trade.
Ramses II Expanded Egypt's Empire from Nubia to Syria. Military strategist. Rebuilt Thebes, Sphinx, built the city Pi-Ramses. Had 100+ children and 60 wives.
King Tut New Kingdom Pharaoh. Famous for tomb being undisturbed when found by Dr. Howard Cater in 1922.
Akhenaten (started as Amenhotep IV changed name to honor Aten) Pharaoh that changed Egypt from polytheism to monotheism for a brief period, Made Aten the one god.
Bassett God of the Cats. Cats worshipped as gods, Kept rodents away from the grain. Owners shaved one eye brow as a way to show morning for a dead cat.
Inventions of Egypt 1st medical book (experts) Astronomy, Mathematics (used 10 base ) 365 day calendar with 12 months Embalming process
Buildings/monuments Pyramids Temples Obelisks (point tower)
Economy Based on agriculture and trade collect taxes/tributes
Government Ruled by a Pharaoh (absolute monarchy)
Hyksos From the Middle East area. Conquered Egypt (Delta) using chariots and iron weapons. Ended the Middle Kingdom/re
Red Lands Refers to the deserts because the land is hot (temperature)
Created by: jsmith81
 

 



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