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Civil Rights


What did Plessy v. Ferguson say? 1) “Separate but equal” facilities were constitutional 2) Racial segregation was legal
What precedent was set by Plessy v. Ferguson? Southern states could segregate public facilities.
What was another term for segregation laws? Jim Crow laws
What two things did the NAACP work for? 1) End legal segregation in the South 2) Gain the right to vote for Southern blacks
Who was an early leader of the NAACP? W.E.B. DuBois
What Supreme Court decision set forth the “separate but equal” doctrine? Plessy v. Ferguson
What was the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka? Supreme Court declared racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional.
What was the constitutional basis of the Brown decision? Racial segregation violated the “equal protection” clause of the 14th Amendment.
What Supreme Court decision declared racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional? Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Who served as chief counsel for the NAACP legal Defense Fund at the time of the Brown decision? Thurgood Marshall
Who was the most famous civil rights lawyer in Virginia? (He worked on the Prince Edward County school case.) Oliver Hill
Identify Massive Resistance. Virginia’s attempt to avoid obeying the Brown desegregation decision
What is the official name of the Virginia state legislature? Virginia General Assembly
What did the Brown decision show about the Supreme Court’s powers? By interpreting its powers broadly, the Supreme Court could reshape American society.
What event made Rosa Parks famous? Montgomery Bus Boycott
What was the goal of the 1963 March on Washington? Gain passage of major civil rights laws by Congress
Who gave the “I have a dream” speech at the March on Washington? Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
For what method of protest was Dr. King known? Non-violent, mass protest
What president did the most for civil rights for African-Americans? (1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act) Lyndon B. Johnson
Identify the 1964 Civil Rights Act. 1) Outlawed racial, religious, and sex discrimination in public places and by employers 2) Gave the federal government more power to enforce all civil rights laws
Give 4 examples of public places covered by the 1964 Civil Rights Act. 1) Motels 2) Hotels 3) Restaurants 4) Parks
Identify the 1965 Voting Rights Act (also called the 1965 Civil Rights Act). 1) Outlawed literacy tests as a voting requirement 2) Sent federal registrars to the South to register black voters
What was a literacy test? Person had to prove he could read and write in order to vote
Why did the Southern states require literacy tests? To keep African-Americans from voting
What does one call the movement of whites from the city to the suburbs in order to avoid sending their children to integrated public schools? White flight
What kinds of schools did Southern whites establish to avoid racial integration of public schools? Private academies
Created by: wzuger