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IGHS Winkels

US History Chapter 17 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Progressivism belief that new ideas and honest, efficient government could bring about social justice
muckraker socially conscious journalists who exposed a wide range of ills afflicting America in the early 1900s
settlement house a community center that provided social services to the urban poor
direct primary an election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
Social Gospel formed from ideas blended from German socialism and American Progressivism
initiative gave people the power to put a proposed new law directly on the ballot in the next election by collecting citizen's signatures on a petition
referendum allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature
recall gave voters the power to remove public servants from office before their terms ended
NCL National Consumers League-It backed laws calling for the government to inspect meatpacking plants, to make workplaces safer, and to make payments to the unemployed.
temperance movement promoted the practice of never drinking alcohol
suffrage the right to vote
NAWSA National American Woman Suffrage Association
nineteenth Amendment the right to vote "shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex"
Americanization teaching immigrants English, how to dress,what to eat and how to practice new customs to become more "American"
Niagara Movement leading African American thinkers met in Niagara Falls,Canada to discuss how to change conditions for African Americans
NAACP-National Association for the Advancement of Colored People aimed to help African Americans be "physically free from peonage, mentally free from ignorance, politically free from disfranchisement and socially free from insult
Urban League focused on helping poor workers
Anti-Defamation League founded in 1913 Its goal is to defend Jews and others against physical and verbal attacks, false statements, and "to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike . . ."
mutualistas formed by Mexican Americans groups that made loans and provided legal assistance
Square Deal a program established by Teddy Roosevelt It's goals were to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor.
Hepburn Act passed in 1906 gave the government the authority to set and limit shipping costs set maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines
Meat Inspection Act passed in 1906 provided federal agents to inspect any meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat-processing plants
Pure Food and Drug Act placed the same controls on other foods and on medicines banned the interstate shipment of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs
National Reclamation Act passed in 1902 gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed
New Nationalism a program to restore the government's trustbusting power
Progressive Party formed by Progressives that left the Republican Party
New Freedom placed strict government controls on corporations
Sixteenth Amendment created a graduated income tax wealthy people pay a higher income tax than poor people
Federal Reserve Act passed in 1913 placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board
Federal Trade Commission passed in 1914 It's purpose was to monitor business practices that might lead to monopoly and watch for false advertising or dishonest labeling.
Clayton Antitrust Act passed in 1914 strengthened earlier antitrust laws by spelling out those activities in which businesses could not engage
Created by: Winkels
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