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US 11 midterm

Coach Fordham study guide

QuestionAnswer
Explain the primary reason most kids that did not attend school didn’t. Racism and Discrimination.
List 2 factors that made skyscrapers possible. Elevator and Interior steel skeleton.
List popular activities at the turn of the century. Bicycling, Tennis, Shopping, Boxing, Baseball, Amusement Parks, Theater.
What was the purpose for Jim Crow laws? Legally segregated races.
Describe education trends in the 1890’s. Growth of Elementary and High Schools, Americanization, Kindergartens, Expanding Colleges.
What was the Supreme Court’s decision in Plessy v. Ferguson? Separate but equal is legal.
What transit developments allowed cities to expand outward in the late 1890’s? Mass transit systems of all kinds
What is segregation? Separation of races.
Explain Booker T. Washington’s views on racism. Education and good jobs should be main focus to end racism.
Bicycling and Amusement Parks represent what aspect of American life? Growing Leisure Industry.
Where did the 1st successful airplane flight take place and when? Kitty Hawk, NC
Explain the concept of a chain store. Focus on Thrift and Multiple locations.
Explain the concept of the department store. Luxury experience and offered many types of products.
What is the Tuskegee Institute? Created by Booker T Washington in 1881 to educate African Americans.
List types of discrimination faced by African Americans in the North. Job discrimination, violence, segregated neighborhoods, housing discrimination.
Who were Orville and Wilbur Wright? Built the 1st airplane.
Explain how colleges developed in the late 1800's. To teach skills needed in the new industrial society. Enrollment Quadrupled.
The Niagara movement was founded by whom? W.E.B. Dubois
Explain the development of leisure time and activities at the turn of the century. Enjoyed sports, Bicycling and Amusement Parks.
Who was George Custer? Led the 7th cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn, Died.
What two RR companies built the Transcontinental Rail Road? Union Pacific & Central Pacific.
What caused the Populist Movement? Debt, Shipping Cost, Deflation.
What incident marked the end of conflict between settlers and Natives? Wounded Knee
Explain the effects of Barbed Wire on the open range. Brought an end to the days of the open range and the long cattle drive.
What was the purpose of the Homestead Act? Encourage settler families to move west and occupy the lands.
Describe Social Darwinism. Biological theories to explain the evolution of human society.
What factors led to the industrial boom of the late 1800’s and early 1900’s? Industrial growth, the south was still trying to recover.
Explain how Andrew Carnegie gained control of the steel industry. Began investing in other companies.
Describe the Sherman Anti Trust Act. Outlawed efforts to consolidate business under trusts.
Explain vertical integration. The combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.
Describe the ICC Act. A permanent international court established to investigate, prosecute and try individuals accused of committing the most serious crimes.
What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusion Act? Response to complaints by workers on the West Coast.
What was Tammany Hall? The name given to the democratic political machine.
Describe the regulations of the Pendleton Civil Service Act. To regulate and improve the civil service.
Explain the importance of the Supreme Court case Munn v. Illinois? Its growth has been rapid.
Explain horizontal integration. Occurs when there is a merger between two firms in the same industry.
Who did the term Robber Baron describe? Business tycoons.
What was the effect of the Haymarket Affair on the Labor Movement? 8 hour work day.
Describe the immigration shift of the late 1800’s. Patterns.
Explain the movement of African Americans in the late 1800’s. Freed people seeking a better life.
Who was William Tweed? The "Boss of the Tammany Hall"
What time period is described as the Gilded Age? 1873
List causes of WWI. 1. Mutual defense alliances 2. Imperialism 3. Militarism 4. Nationalism 5. Immediate cause: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Where was Franz Ferdinand assassinated and who assassinated him? Sarajevo
What strategy did US ships use to protect against U Boats? To create thousands of paintings, posters, cartoons and sculptures promoting the war.
What is the purpose of the Selective Service Act? Required all men in the U.S. between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military service.
List new technologies of WWI. Tank, plane, machine gun, poison gas.
What nations belonged to the “Big Four”? Composed of Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittario Emanuel Orlando of Italy, and George Clemenceau of France.
Explain why the US wouldn’t join the League of Nations. Woodrow Wilson could not get enough support from the senate.
Describe Neutrality. Americans believed that the Monroe Doctrine encouraged them to follow a policy.
What was required of Germany in the Treaty of Versailles? Required Germany to pay reparations to the Allied countries, reduced Germany's territory, and included the covenant for the League of Nations.
What caused a minor incident in The Balkans to turn into a world war? Franz Ferdinand got assassinated.
What did the Espionage and Sedition Acts do? Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US participation in World War I.
List nations of the Triple Entente. Russia, France, and Great Britain.
What was the Supreme Court’s ruling in Schenck vs. U.S. The freedom of speech protection afforded in the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment could be restricted if the words spoken or printed represented to society a “clear and present danger."
What event sparked WWI? Archduke Franz Ferdinand was shot.
What was the intended purpose of daylight savings time? Introduced in order to conserve fuel.
What was the Great Migration? The movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West.
Who is Gavrilo Princip, what group did he belong too? The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand.
List causes for American Entrance into WWI. Wilson issues declaration of neutrality in 1914.
On what day was the armistice that ended WWI signed? 11 November 1918
Created by: Katwill678