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And. Civ. chapter 4

flashcards

TermDefinition
Chandragupta Strong leader who created the Maurya empire by adding additional territory to the empire.
meditate To think deeply about sacred things.
nirvana The lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires.
Asoka Chandraguta's grandson who helped spread Buddhism with his conversion.
convert To change one's beliefs particularly from one religion to another.
absolute power Complete control over someone or something.
missionary Person who spreads his or her religious beliefs.
Siddhartha Gautama Founder of Buddhism, he was a prince who gave up his wealth and position to ease human suffering.
migrate To relocate or move from one place to another.
subcontinent A large landmass that just out from a continent.
monsoon The winds that blow across East Asia at certain times of the year. In the summer they are very wet; in the winter they are generally dry unless they cross warm ocean currents.
citadel A fortress in a city.
caste A social class of people.
Indus River Valley A valley and early civilization along the Indus River, one of the longest rivers in the world.
Ganges River Valley – A river in northern India and Bangladesh, flowing from the Himalaya Mountains to the Bay of Bengal.
Mohenjo-Daro An ancient city on the banks of the Indus River in southern Pakistan.
dharma Religious and moral duties for each person.
ahimsa Nonviolence.
The Middle Way The Eightfold Path of Buddhism to live by to avoid extremes.
Upanishads Hindu religious texts.
Brahma Hindu god who is The Creator.
Shiva Hindu god who is The Destroyer.
Vishnu Hindu god who is The Perserver.
Sumerians Original settlers in the Indus River Valley who migrated through the Hindi Kush.
Aryans Invaders who invaded the Indus River Valley conquering the Sum
reincarnation Rebirth of the soul. Part of the Hindu belief.
Created by: kingc
 

 



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