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Semester 1 POST TEST

2019

QuestionAnswer
What is the literacy rate and standard of living like in Europe? Europe has a high standard of living and literacy rate
How are the economies of the United Kingdom and Germany similar? They are both mixed
What physical feature makes Germany densely populated? The Northern European Plain
What type of democracy has the president as both chief executive and head of state? Presidential democracy
Italy's major cities are located near _____, while many of Germany's major cities are closer to ________ Italy's major cities are located near COAST, while many of Germany's major cities are closer to RIVERS
Define autocracy one person (a dictator) is in charge; citizens have no power
Define democracy citizens can participate by voting
What was one cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917? Difference in social and economic classes. The peasants want bread and peace.
Evaluating Germany's education would help evaluate ______ human capital
Why would a government use a tariff? to generate tax revenue
What do you know to be true about Russia's economy when it was the Soviet Union? Russia was under a command economy when it was the Soviet Union, therefore, now it is moving away from the command economy and is a mixed economy.
What is true if the literacy rate of a country increases....then what else happens? If the literacy rate increases, the GDP, Standard of living and life expectancy increases.
Where would the UK, Russia and Germany belong on an economic continuum? Command MIXED MARKET Russia Germany United Kingdom
What religion is most widely practiced in Europe? Christianity
What is a confederation? The central government has little power and is ruled by LOCAL bodies of government
Which physical feature is a benefit to trade in Canada? Canada is surrounded by 3 oceans, it shares the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River leads to the ocean.
What is the benefit of the European Union? The European Union has a common currency (The EURO). Because the member nations do not have to exchange currencies, it makes trading less expensive. The fees to exchange currency are eliminated.
What was the environmental issue in the Ukraine? Chernobyl, the nuclear incident
What is NAFTA? The North American Free Trade Agreement
Who are the member nations of NAFTA? Canada, the US, and Mexico
Because of NAFTA, Canada's economic activity has ______ increased
What is the role of a citizen in Canadian government under a parliamentary democracy? The citizens vote for the legislature (Members of Parliament). The MPs with the most votes are asked to be Prime Minister.
What happened to Germany after World War I? There was an economic depression because Germany had to pay reparations.
With time zones, when traveling west, one must add or subtract time? subtract
Above the Equator is which direction? north
Below the Equator is which direction? south
To the right of the Prime Meridian is which direction? east
To the left of the Prime Meridian is which direction? west
What relationship exists between the literacy rate and the standard of living in Europe? The higher the literacy rate the higher the standard of living. Europe has a high standard of living and literacy rate.
What is a peninsula? It is land with water on 3 sides
Which two countries form the Iberian peninsula? Spain and Portugal
Which country contributes to Germany’s Acid Rain problem? The United Kingdom’s air pollution is swept by the air currents to Germany which gives them a really bad acid rain problem.
What is something that the German and United Kingdom economies have in common? They are both MIXED
The UK has many natural resources. How does this benefit the United Kingdom? The UK can export the natural resources to other countries and make money
Why is the country Germany densely populated? Germany has the Northern European plain which is fertile soil.
In what type of democracy is the president both the chief executive and the head of state? Presidential democracy
Why does a city’s location on a river make it good for them economically? Trading is faster, efficient and more easily done.
How does an autocracy compare to a democracy in terms of citizen participation? autocracy – citizens have no power. Democracy - citizens can participate.
What was an important cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917? Differences in social and economic classes. Bread and peace was desired by the peasants
What happened because of the worldwide depression? World War II started.
What happened as a result of World War II? The rise of superpowers (United States and the Soviet Union (USSR)
What were the 2 opposing ideologies (conflicting ideas) during the Cold War? US – DEMOCRACRAY Soviet Union (USSR)--COMMUNISM
How did the collapse of the USSR (Soviet Union) lead to the end of the Cold War? The countries in the former USSR became democratic and the Soviet Union (USSR) became Russia
How was it clear the Cold War ended? The Fall of the Berlin Wall
What was the purpose of Nazi Propaganda? It turned German’s against the Jews by showing the Jews as traitors. The Nazi message was not to trust the Jews.
Because of Canada's abundance of timber, which product does Canada MOST LIKELY export? paper
Who is in charge of the day-to-day operations of the Canadian government? Prime Minister
Examining Germany's education system would help an economist evaluate which part of the country's economy? Human capital
Why would a government use a tariff rather than a quota as a trade barrier? Tax revenue for the government
Write a statement about the economic systems of Germany, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Germany - Germany - MIXED Russia – MIXED – closer to COMMAND because under the Soviet Union it was a command economy United Kingdom - MIXED
Which one is closest to a command economy? Germany, Russia, or the United Kingdom? Russia
Which one is closer to a market economy? Germany, Russia, or the United Kingdom? United Kingdom
If literacy rate increases and life expectancy increases what 2 other things would increase? GDP and Standard of Living
On a continuum from Command economy to market economy, put the countries in order. Closest to command - closest to market economy. Germany, UK, Russia - which order do they belong? Russia, Germany, UK command ------MIXED-----------Market
What are the 3 religious groups in Europe? Judaism (oldest), Christianity, Islam (newest)
Which type of religion is the most widely practiced in Europe? Christianity (Roman Catholic)
One important resource in Canada is ________ timber
Which physical feature is a benefit to trade in Canada? Surrounded by water – 3 oceans, 1 river, Great Lakes, Canadian Shield – Mineral wealth
What is a benefit of the EURO, a common currency, in the European Union? There is no need to exchange currency, so it is less expensive to trade because no fee is added to exchange the currency. It’s economically beneficial (good)
Germany is debating whether to add a tariff or a quota to tennis shoes imported from the United States. Why would Germany use tariff instead of a quota? Generate tax for the government
What was the environmental issue in the Ukraine? What caused it? What was the economic impact? Chernobyl Nuclear accident/design flaws in equipment and one operator ignored warning alarms; inability (couldn’t) grow crops to trade
What is a role for Canadian citizens under a parliamentary democracy? Think about how a parliamentary democracy works in the United Kingdom. Parliamentary democracy in which citizens vote for the legislature (MPs) and the one with the most votes is asked to be PM
Why is the Canadian Shield important to Canada's economy? Mineral wealth
The British had an advantage in colonial expansion before WWI. Why? Ocean access Supreme military (NAVY)
What has free trade with NAFTA done for Canada? Increased economic activity for Canada
What happened to Germany after World War I? An economic depression
How is the prime minister chosen in a parliamentary democracy? Citizens vote for the legislature (MPs) and the one with the most votes becomes PM
Make a statement about Germany and the UK’s standard of living? Both have a relatively high standard of living.
What is Germany’s environmental issue and what is a solution? Acid rain is Germany’s environmental issue; a solution is to reduce air pollution by placing rules on manufacturing. Industrialization causes air pollution and air pollution causes acid rain.
When Germany reunified (came together again) What was a result of German reunification? East German factories were not as modern, so they closed.
Created by: ssha13
 

 



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