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Declaration of Indep

TermDefinition
Declaration (n) An announcement or formal statement.
Independence (n) Freedom, liberty
Tyranny (n) A government ruled by a tyrant or harsh ruler. King George was thought to be a tyrant.
Intrepid (adj.) Fearless, brave. Our founding fathers were all thought to be intrepid leaders.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine In Jan., 1776 Thomas Paine wrote this pamphlet. He inspired others to believe that we were not benefiting from the King's rule and it made common sense to become independent.
Taxation Without Representation King George was taxing the colonies but gave colonists not control or say in the government. Colonists were angered that they had no voice and no choice in the laws that King George commanded they follow.
First Continental Congress Fall, 1774 in Philadelphia, 12 out of 13 colonies sent delegates to meet and talk about England's unfair treatment. A letter is sent to Britain. They demanded that the King stop the Intolerable Acts or they would boycott English goods.
Second Continental Congress June, 1775, 56 delegates and all 13 colonies meet. Established a Continental Army. George Washington made General of the Army. They tried again for peace and sent the Olive Branch Petition to King. July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence adopted.
Intolerable Acts After the Boston Tea Party, Britain issued more laws that punished the colonists and controlled taxes, trade and did not allow colonies to create their own government.
Declaration of Independence A document that declared independence from Britain and outlined the rights of all men. The first draft is written in June,1776 by Thomas Jefferson. Adams and Franklin helped edit and it was adopted in July, 1776.
"Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness..." The first part of the Declaration states that each citizen will have these rights that cannot be taken away.
Unalienable Rights (adj.) Natural rights that are impossible to give up. The Declaration says these rights are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.
Thomas Jefferson Virginia delegate to Continental Congress. Wrote 1st Draft to Dec. of Indep.. He became our 3rd President.
John Adams Massachusetts delegate. A founding father. Helped write the Dec. of Indep. He became our 2nd President.
George Washington Virginian delegate. He was chosen to be the general of the Continental Army and elected as our first President.
Militia (n) Group of volunteer soldiers. They are not paid.
Age of Enlightenment or Age of Reason In the 1700's Writers, Thinkers and Leaders throughout the world begin to question our beliefs and challenge religious ideas. This inspired independent thinking and other revolutions.
Delegates Men who represented their colonies at the Continental Congresses. They helped make decisions to fight for independence and helped to create a new government defined by the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States.
Olive Branch Petition July 5, 1775, this letter was sent to King George III, from members of the Second Continental Congress. It was the last attempt for the colonies to avoid a war of independence against Britain.
Grievances In the Decl. of Indep., delegates included a list of grievances or complaints about how they were being governed. Here are examples of some of these grievances: Taxation without Representation, Unfair Trials, and Unfair Trade Laws.
Patriots Those who supported the revolution.
Loyalists Those who were loyal to King George III.
 

 



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