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HONS GOVT NOTES

~HONS~ GOVERNMENT NOTES

QuestionAnswer
AMENDMENTS CHANGES/ADDITIONS TO A CONSTITUTION OR LAW
CONSTITUTION LAWS THAT NO PERSON IS ABOVE – RULES FOR THE GOVERNMENT AND CITIZENS
SUPREME COURT DECISIONS LEGAL DETERMINATIONS MADE BY THE HIGHEST COURT IN THE U.S.
BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION SEPARATE IS NOT EQUAL
PLESSEY V. FERGUSON SEPARATE BUT EQUAL
BILL OF RIGHTS FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION ADDED AS A PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL LIBERTIES
1ST AMENDMENT FREEDOM OF SPEECH, RELIGION, PRESS (NEWSPAPER), ASSEMBLY, RIGHT TO PETITION THE GOVT.
5-8TH AMENDMENTS RIGHTS OF ACCUSED PERSONS DURING CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS (fair and speedy trial, jury of peers, right not to incriminate self – pleading the 5th)
13th AMENDMENT ABOLITION OF SLAVERY
14TH AMENDMENT ALL MEN ARE TO BE GIVEN EQUAL PROTECTION UNDER THE LAW
15TH AMENDMENT GIVES ALL MALE CITIZENS RIGHT TO VOTE
16TH AMENDMENT THE GOVERNMENT CAN COLLECT INCOME TAXES
18TH AMENDMENT PROHIBITION or THE OUTLAW OF SALE AND MANUFACTURE OF ALCOHOL
19TH AMENDMENT GIVES WOMEN THE RIGHT TO VOTE
22ND AMENDMENT RESTRICTED PRESIDENTS TO BEING ELECTED TO NO MORE THAN 2 TERMS
24TH AMENDMENT POLL TAXES ARE NOT LEGAL
26TH AMENDMENT GAVE THE VOTE TO 18 YEAR OLD CITIZENS
PROHIBITION OUTLAW OF ALCOHOL IN THE 1920S IN RESPONSE TO TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT WHICH WANTED TO RESTORE SOCIETIES MORALS
WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION BELIEVING THAT ALL OF SOCIETIES ILLS WERE CAUSED BY ALCOHOL, THIS MOVEMENT HELPED OUTLAW ALCOHOL AND GET THE 18TH AMENDMENT PASSED. IT WAS REPEALED SHORTLY AFTER (by 21st)
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA V. BAKKE REVERSE DISCRIMINATION CASE – RULED RACE MAY BE USED - BUT - ONLY AS ONE ELEMENT IN ADMISSION
ABSOLUTE MONARCHY A HEREDITARY RULER CONTROLS ALL OF THE FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT; EXAMPLE
ABSOLUTISM A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH A MONARCH IS THE ONLY SOURCE OF POWER
CONSTITUTIONAL A LAW OR OTHER GOVERNMENTAL ACTION THAT ALIGNS WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY A HEREDITARY RULER HAS LIMITS ON HIS/HER POWER; EXAMPLE
DEMOCRACY A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH POLITICAL CONTROL IS EXERCISED BY THE PEOPLE
DICTATOR A LEADER OF A COUNTRY WHO HAS ABSOLUTE P0WER AND AUTHORITY
MONARCHY A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT RULED BY A KING OR QUEEN
PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE EXECUTIVE LEADERS ARE CHOSEN BY THE LEGISLATURE; AS IN GREAT BRITAIN
PRESIDENTIAL DEMOCRACY A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT CHARACTERIZED BY A SEPARATION OF POWERS BETWEEN INDEPENDENT AND COEQUAL EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES; AS IN THE U.S.
THEOCRACY A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT HEADED BY ONE OR MORE RELIGIOUS LEADERS WHO CLAIM TO RULE BY DIVINE AUTHORITY
CHECKS AND BALANCES A SYSTEM TO PREVENT ONE BRANCH OF THE U.S. GOVERNMENT FROM BECOMING TOO POWERFUL.
Created by: mshons