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HONS GOVT TYPES

~HONS~ study cards for types of governement

QuestionAnswer
Absolute Monarchy -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? King or Queen. Inherited throne by birth (claim divine right)
Leader’s Power in Absolute Monarchy NO LIMITS ON POWER! ABSOLUTE monarch controls all functions of the state! Leader DOES NOT recognize or support the rights of the people
Citizen’s role in Absolute Monarchy no role given to citizens. Individual rights not protected. Citizen action must usually take form of a revolution/overthrow
Dictatorship -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? One Individual person the Dictator is the leader usually power is aquired (gotten) and maintained (kept) BY FORCE of military threat
Leader’s Power in Dictatorship holds and/or abuses an extraordinary amount of personal power has the power to make laws without any restraint No checks and balances Dictator is not held responsible to the will of the people
Citizen’s role in Dictatorship no role given to citizens. Individual rights not protected. Only ways citizens can participate is through revolution/overthrow.
Similarities found in both ab. monarchies and ditatorships 1. both are absolutist governments. 2. both have UNLIMITED power 3. Neither has a constitution (rulebook for the governemnt to follow) 4.Make laws without consent of anyone 5.Do not support ind. rights 6. No voting
Theocracy -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? Religious reps are leaders representatives for the system of religion Power aquired by moving up in the religion's hierarchaly system - higher religious leaders more likely to have gretaer political power
Leader’s Power in Theocracy Leader constrained only by religious law claim authority to rule is god given (so its hard to argue them)- DIVINE RIGHT sometimes theocratic leeaders rule aside other forms of government that can then limit the religious ruler
Citizen’s role in Theocracy Role is very limited citizens are expected to follow Gods laws and not question the religious authority. Citizen’s individual rights are only supported if also supported in religious text.
Constitutional Monarchy -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? King/Queen acts as a figure head who is more a part of the culture then an actual ruler constitutional monarch inherits role by birth
Leader’s Power in Constitutional Monarchy .limits on King/Queen who must rule within the constitution 2. Power also limited by the political government that the king lives in - typically a PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY
Citizen’s role in Constitutional Monarchy 1. Citizens tend to play a large as usually the const. monarch rules along side a parlimentary democracy. 2. Citizens rights are protected and thus they engage in all of the different types of political action including voting, demonstrations, etc.
Leader in Parliamentary Democracy -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? 1. The Prime Minister/Parliament 2. the people elect the Parliament (Congress) the Parliament elects the Prime Minister
Leader’s Power in Parliamentary Democracy 1. Power is limited by the constitution 2. by checks and balances found in the system of government 3. by the power of the people to vote for their congressional representatives.
Citizen’s role in Parliamentary Democracy Citizens play a large role. Their rights are protected and thus they engage in all of the different types of political action. They vote for Parliament, they are free to assemble, exchange ideas, disagree with government, protest, demonstrate, boycott,
Presidential Democracy -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? 1. leaders are: executive (president), legislative 2. both types of leaders are elected directly by the people.
Presidential Democracy -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? 1. Power of leader is limited by the constitution 2. by checks and balances found in the three-branch system of government 3. and by the will of the people.
Citizen’s role in Presidential Democracy Government exists for the protection of the rights and liberty of the people. Citizens play a large role and they engage in all of the different types of political action. They can vote, assemble, protest, exchange ideas about the government, etc. YOU
Absolutist Government ABSOLUTE POWER - A government in which the leader has no limits on power as there is no constitution nor are the rights of the people recognized and supported.
Monarchy (BOTH types) -who is leader? -how did leader get this power? WHO- King or Queen. HOW - Inherited throne by birth (claim divine right)
Divine Right is the belief held by kings that states: a monarch derives his or her power directly from a deity "GOD GAVE ME THIS THRONE" -KING
What is the latin word 'demos' mean? how can we apply it to democracy demos = people if you see a word with demos in it you remember the govt gets it power by PEOPLE
direct democracy a dem. system of government ppl exersize political control and PARTICIPATE DIRECTLY IN DECISION MAKING
Created by: mshons