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Exam study guide

1565: St Augustine Settled St. Augustine,Florida, founded by Pedro Menendez de Aviles, becomes the first permanent European settlement in North America, after an attack on Fort Caroline, a French Huguenot settlement, results in the deaths of all male inhabitants
1583: Newfoundland English colonizer Humphrey Gilbert leads a group of settlers to Newfoundland, which he claims for Queen Elizabeth, Humphrey dies on the return voyage, and the settlers left behind disappear.
1586: Birth of Virginia Dare The first English child, Virginia Dare, is born in North America at Roanoke Island on August 18. A new group of 150 settlers lands on Roanoke Island, but they arrive too late in the season to plant crops
1584: Virginia settled at Roanoke Island Sir Walter Raleigh, half brother of Humphrey Gilbert who died trying to colonize Newfoundland the year before, sends a group of colonist to Roanoke Island in Virginia (named for Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen).
1591: Roanoke Colony Lost When John White returns to Roanoke Island, after having been delayed by war with Spain, he discovers the entire colony has disappeared without a trace, including members of his own family, among them his young granddaughter, Virginia Dare.
1607: Jamestown Founded Captain Christopher Newport sails into the Chesapeake Bay and up a river he names for King James I. On May 13, he founds the colony of Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in North America.
1609: Hudson River Explored The Dutch explorer Henry Hudson, on his third voyage to the New World, explores what would be named the Delaware Bay and a river that would bear his name, the Hudson. in 1611 Hudson and some of his crew disappeared.
1611: Tobacco Cash Crop In Virginia Jamestown, Virginia, turns to tobacco growing to ensure its success as a colony. In 1612 John Rolfe introduces Virginia tobacco in London. Within a few years, tobacco helps make King James I of England rich.
1614: Marriage of Pocahontas Pocahontas, daughter of the chief of the Powhatans in Virginia, marries John Rolfe, an English settler and one of the leading promoters of tobacco. Her conversion to Christianity and her marriage to Rolfe help keep the peace for several years.
1619: Slavery In Jamestown A cargo of twenty African slaves arrives on a Dutch ship at Jamestown. The Dutch privateer had taken the slaves from a Spanish ship.
1619: House of Burgesses the first legislative assembly in the British Colonies, the House of Burgesses, meets for the first time in Jamestown, Virginia.
1620: Plymouth Colony 100 Pilgrims arrive on the Mayflower on Nov 11 off Cape Cod. The Pilgrims establish a colony at Plymouth and draw up the Mayflower Compact to govern the colony. About half the Pilgrims die of disease and starvation the first winter.
1630: Massachusetts Bay Colony Founded Over 1000 Congregationalist Puritans, led by Governor John Winthrop, found the Massachusetts Bay Colony, settling Boston and nearby towns.
1628: Salem Founded Colonist arriving in Massachusetts Bay establish the village of Salem.
1636: Pequot War The Pequot War begins in Connecticut when a combined force of 240 Puritans and a thousand Narragansett Indian allies attack Pequot without warning. The Pequot were the most influential tribe in New England. By 1837 the Pequot were almost wiped out.
1626: The Dutch Purchase Manhattan Dutch colonist led by Peter Minuit purchase Manhattan Island from the chiefs of the Wappinger Confederacy and establish the colony of New Amsterdam.
1632: Maryland Charter King Charles of England grants a charter to Cecil Calvert for a proprietary colony to be know as Maryland. This is the first English proprietary colony in the Americas.
1636: Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island Colony Roger Williams, a 33-year-old clergyman banned from Massachusetts Bay colony, which he found intolerant of religious freedom, establishes the settlement of Providence and the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
1643: Anne Hutchinson Killed by Indians Anne Hutchinson, who had been banned from Massachusetts Bay in 1637 for objecting to its harsh theocratic rule, is killed by Indians is a settlement that would later become New Rochelle, New York.
1664: New York Taken by The English English troops take New Amsterdam from the Dutch and rename it New York.
1663: Carolina Chartered England's King Charles II charters Carolina, a large territory stretching from Virginia to Florida and from sea to sea, to eight of his loyal countiers. In 1712 the territory is divided into two colonies, North and South Carolina
1675: King Philip's War King Philip leads Narraganset and Wampanoag warriors in attacks on 52 New England settlements. Before he is kill in 1676, his confederation destroys a dozen settlements and kills 600 colonists. Metacom's head is carried to Plymouth, where it's displayed.
1670: Charleston Founded English settlers, under the leadership of William Sayle, arrive in Carolina and found Charleston. They are soon joined by British planters and African slaves from Barbados and by French Huguenots and others seeking religious freedom.
Created by: JosephIsCool
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