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Vocabulary 6 and 7

Cards about vocab. 6 and 7

Constitutional Convention meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 during which 55 delegates wrote the new constitution
Anti-Federalists people who opposed the new constitution; they feared strong national government and demanded a bill of rights, George Mason and Patrick Henry were leading Anti-Federalists
Federalists people who supported the new constitution and wanted a strong national (central) government, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison were leaders of the Federalists
Grievance a complaint, such as those listed in the Declaration of Independence against the British government; were addressed by the Constitution
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, they guarantee basic rights, was one way the unalienable rights were protected by the new government, the Anti-Federalists insisted it be added before they ratified the Constitution
Ratification to formally (officially) approve of a document
Amendments changes or additions to an official document; the process to amend the Constitution was difficult to prevent frequent, unnecessary changes
Separation of powers this principle of the Constitution divided the power of government into legislative, executive, and judicial branches; each has its own specific duties
The Great Compromise foundation of the new gov.; three branches legislative, executive and judicial; Congress (legislative) was divided into two houses, the upper house (Senate) had equal represent. – 2 members for each state, the lower house (House of Rep.) – each states num
Three-Fifths Compromise the northern states wanted slaves not counted or at least taxed, southern states did so they would have more members in the House of Representative; result – 3/5 of all slaves would be counted for representation and not taxation
Federalism Power is shared by both the national and state governments. Some powers are given to the national government or state government only, some are shared.
Checks and Balances Each of the three branches can make sure government is run fairly by making sure one does not become too powerful. This is done by being able to look at decisions to make sure they follow the Constitution
Due process of law The gov.may not deprive citizens of “life, liberty, or property” w/ out due process of law. This means that the gov. has to follow rules and set procedures in everything it does. It cannot, for example, skip parts of trials, or deny citizens their rights
Habeas corpus a document that protects against illegal imprisonment
Judicial this branch of government is responsible for ensuring justice for citizens and the highest court, the US Supreme Court determines the constitutionality of laws (decides if they follow the Constitution)
Legislature the branch of government that makes laws, the US Congress is a bicameral legislature with a Senate and House of Representatives
executive the branch of gov. that has the responsibility to carry out, or execute the law, the President is the head of the executive branch and a Vice-President, Cabinet Secretaries and various departments help him with all the responsibilities of the job
Limited Government The government only interferes with citizen’s lives when necessary. Government is kept small so that citizens’ rights are protected.
Electoral College process used to elect the president, voters choose people that represent the political party of candidates and those people officially elect the president a few weeks after the election, the candidate with the most electoral votes becomes the president
Created by: Ecmason