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Chapter 5 WWI

Long Term Causes of WWI remember MAIN Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationism
Militarism a policy of making military power a primary goal of a nation
Alliances In 1914 there was a tangled network of competing alliances. An attack of one nation forced allies to come to its aid
Imperialism Britain, France, Germany and Italy, competed for colonies in Africa and Asia. Germany felt it deserved more
Nationalism strong feelings of pride, loyalty and protectiveness towards one's country or nation
Immediate Cause of WWI
Woodrow Wilson president of the United States during World War 1
Central Powers the World War 1 alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria
Allies the World War 1 alliance of Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Serbia, and others
Lusitania American Ship sunk by German U-Boat (Submarine) killing 1198 people including 128 Americans
Zimmerman telegram telegram telling the German ambassador to ask Mexico to declare war on the United States
How the Russian revolution affected America's involvement The Revolution brought about new leadership with Communism taking power over being a Czar. The war had devastated Russia, and Lenin withdrew troops. The Allies urged American Troops to come quickly.
Trench Warfare Ware in which soldiers dug into deep trenches across a battlefield
Trench Warfare Hardships Quick firing artillery (machine guns) could spray a hail of bullets poison gas burned and blinded soldiers tanks would cross barbed wire into no-man's land
American Expeditionary Force (AEF) the armed forces sent to Europe for WWI
War Bonds A low interest loan by civilians to the government mean to be repaid in a number or years
Committee On Public Information government organization that produced propaganda to build support for the war
Espionage Act 1917 law that set heavy fines and long prison terms for antiwar activites
Sedition Act 1918 law that made it illegal to criticize the government
propaganda influences expressed for the purpose of influencing the actions of others
What effect did propaganda have on US Citizens? It won support for the war, but it built anti-foreign anti-german prejudice.
What year did American forces arrive in France? ' 1917
Second Battle of Marne It was considered the turning point of the war. The Americans helped the Allies halt the German advance and forced them back.
Armistice An end to all fighting
Fourteen Points President Wilson's goals for peace after World War I.
League of Nations an organization set up after World War I to settle international conflicts
reparations money that a defeated nation pays for the destruction it caused in other countries
Red Scare In 1919-1920 a fearful reaction that the United States was threatened by a Communist revolution
Palmer raids raids carried out by federal agents and police against radicals against US Attorney-General A. Mitchell Palmer.
Created by: TeacherDias
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