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1942A US History P

TermDefinition
The Compromise of 1850 5 bills passed by congress in 1850 revising the fugitive slave act. Ending the slave trade in Washington D.C.
Manifest Destiny A belief in the US that american settlers were destined to expand throughout the country.
The Gold Rush In 1848, James Marshall found gold in California which caused a large migration to the region
Monroe Doctrine A policy issued by president Monroe in 1823. Declared the US would not tolerate any intervention by european nation in america
Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to the US constitution ratified in 1791. Guaranteeing freedom of speech, assembly, and worship
Articles of Confederation In agreement between the original 13 states in the united states of america
Life in the 1920s Dramatic social and political change growth of cities and nations wealth "consumer society"
Farm life in the 1920s Americans leaving farms for city life rule farming and labor falling
Imperialism The policy of establishing economic, political, and military dominance over weaker nations
Gilded Age An era between the 1870s to 1900s of rapid economic growth especially in the northwest
Social Gospel Movement A religious movement were ministers mostly protestant began to tie salvation and good works together. People should emulate the life of Jesus Christ
Trail of Tears What the Cherokee called the migration to Oklahoma when they were forced to give up land east of the Mississippi river
Tammany Hall A democratic organization founded in 1789 in New York city
Political corruption of the 1800s Elected officials brought in appointed friends both parties bribed people for votes the system became corrupted and dishonest
Americanization movement A nationwide effort to bring millions of new immigrates into the american cultural system
Age of Enlightenment A.K.A age of reason. A time of intellectual movement the principal goals were liberty, progress, reason, equality.
Industrialization The movement from agriculture to manufacturing as the main source of economic growth.
Fourteen Points President WIlson proposed a Fourteen Point program for world peace
Great Compromise Gave every state two seats in the senate equal representation
Muckrakers A writer whose investigative articles or books attacked abuses such as child labor or corruption
Paparazzi Independent photographers who take pictures of famous people in their regular life
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was elected 16th president of the United States in 1860 as the Republican candidate on a platform opposing the expansion of slavery
John Locke Philosopher and pioneer for the enlightenment wrote essays on religious tolerance
Magna Carta "The Great Charter" issued by king John of England established the principal that everyone including the king was subject to the law
Hero Journalists Growth in journalism brought journalists putting their lives on the line to get the story
Advantages of the South in the Civil War They were fighting on their home terrain they had military tradition and had great leadership - Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson
Advantages of the North in the Civil War They had a larger population then the south more war material manufacturing they had a better transportation network
Thomas Jefferson 3rd president and author of Declaration of Independence, US purchased the Louisiana territory
18th Amendment The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol, which began the era of Prohibition.
19th Amendment An amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1920, guaranteeing women the right to vote.
21st Amendment An amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1933, providing for the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment, which had outlawed the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.
Volstead Act An act of Congress, passed in 1919 and repealed in 1933, enforcing the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages
Scopes Trail A highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school
Sugar Act A law passed by the British Parliament in 1764 raising duties on foreign refined sugar imported by the colonies so as to give British sugar growers in the West Indies a monopoly on the colonial market.
Stamp Act An act of the British Parliament for raising revenue in the American Colonies by requiring the use of stamps and stamped paper for official documents, commercial writings, and various articles
Intolerable Acts The Intolerable Acts were five acts passed by Parliament in 1774 aimed at breaking popular resistance in Massachusetts following the Boston Tea Party
Unjustifiable Acts Acts that are not able to be shown as right or reasonable
Boston Tea Party A raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor (December 16, 1773) in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea
Checks and Balances Limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void those acts of another that fall within its purview.
"Supreme Law of the Land" The Constitution
Federal vs. States powers Federal - regulate interstate and foreign trade, coin and print money, conduct foreign relations. States - regulate trade within the star, establish local governments, conduct elections
Reconstruction The time after the civil war when the federal government set conditions that allowed the rebellious southern states back into the union
Rehabilitation The act of restoring something to it's original state
Federalism A system of government in which states share power with the national government
Trigger that began WWI The assassination of Austrian archduke Franzferdinand and his wife Sophie
Music movement in the 1920s Jazz Age roaring 20s
Progressive Movements Because of corruption called for measures such as people to vote on laws, senate elected by the people and higher taxes on higher incomes
Main ideas of the Federalist In favor of the constitution, strong national government rich men should govern the nation
Main ideas of the Anti-Fedralists Against strong national government, diverse leaders wanted a Bill of Rights
Harlem Renaissance A growth in african-american culture in art, music, writing, and photography
Allied Powers of WWI Great Britain, Russia, and France
Year for Woman to gain votes 1919
Prohibition Movement The ban of alcoholic beverages
Laissez Faire An economic system without government interference
Robert E. Lee General of the convenient army
Factors that shaped the North's development Industrialization brought arise in the economy. Transportation for trade
What was the North called during the Civil War The Union
Created by: reina08232