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1942A U.S. History P

TermDefinition
The Compromise of 1850 The Compromise of 1850 is a set of laws that was passed in the midst of a major dispute between groups that favored slavery and groups opposing it. This law gave something to both groups.
Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny is the 19th century belief or doctrine that the expansion of the U.S. throughout the American continents was both inevitable and justified.
The Gold Rush The Gold Rush is a rapid movement of people to a newly discovered goldfield. The first major gold rush, to California in 1848–49, was followed by others in the US, Australia (1851–53), South Africa (1884), and Canada (Klondike, 1897–98).
Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine is a principle of U.S. policy, created by President James Monroe in 1823, that any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US.
Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights is a document, with the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of assembly, speech, and religion.
Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation is the original constitution of the U.S., ratified in 1781, which was later replaced by the U.S. Constitution in 1789.
Life in the 1800s Life in the 1800s was a time of growth, change, new industry, and welcomed new immigrants. It was when America went from good to great.
Farm life in the 1920s Farm life in the 1920s was a failing industry, farm income declined from 10 billion to 4 billion.
Imperialism Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
The Gilded Age The Gilded Age was the time between the Civil War and World War I. During this time the U.S. population and economy grew very quickly. There was a lot of political corruption and many wealthy people lived very fancy lives.
Social Gospel Movement The Social Gospel Movement was a Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early 20th century United States and Canada.
Trail of Tears The Trail of Tears is the route along which the United States government forced several tribes of Native Americans to migrate to reservations west of the Mississippi River in the 1820s, 1830s, and 1840s.
Tammany Hall Tammany Hall, also known as the Society of St. Tammany, the Sons of St. Tammany, or the Columbian Order, was a New York City political organization founded in 1786 and incorporated on May 12, 1789, as the Tammany Society.
Americanization movement The Americanization movement was a nationwide organized effort in the 1910's to bring millions of recent immigrants into the American cultural system.
Seneca Falls Convention The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention. It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman".
Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightment is an intellectual and scientific movement of 18th century Europe which was characterized by a rational and scientific approach to religious, social, political, and economic issues.
Industrialization Industrialization is the process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services.
Fourteen Points Fourteen Points is a blueprint for world peace that was to be used for peace negotiations after World War I, elucidated in a January 8, 1918, speech on war aims and peace terms by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.
Great Compromise The Great Compromise offered a two house congress, in order to satisfy both the small and larger states.
Muckrakers A Muckraker searches and publicly exposes real or apparent misconduct of a prominent individual or business.
Paparazzi The Paparazzi is a freelance photographer who pursues celebrities to get photographs of them.
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
John Locke John Locke was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism".
Magna Carta The Magna Carta is a document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges.
Hero Journalists A hero journalist is a journalist that reports for the betterment of the people otherwise known as a muckraker.
Advantages of the South in the Civil War That by defending their homeland it gave them a strong reason to fight, they had skills that made them good soldiers, and they had many of the best officers in the United States that were from the South.
Advantages of the North in the Civil War They had almost 4 times as many free citizens, they had many people to grow food and to work in factories making supplies, they had more than 70% of the nation's rail lines, and they had a strong navy and a large fleet of private trading ships.
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was an American lawyer and Founding Father, and principal author of the Declaration of Independence.
18th Amendment The 18th Amendment of the United States Constitution effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol illegal.
19th Amendment The 19th Amendment was ratified on August, 18, 1920, forbids voting rights discrimination anywhere in the United States based on sex.
21st Amendment The 21st Amendment ratified on December 5, 1933,to the United States Constitution repealed the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol on January 17, 1920.
Volstead Act Act was the law that prevented people from selling alcohol. The Volstead Act is defined as the act by Congress that enforced prohibition from 1919 to 1933. An example of the Volstead
Scopes Trial The trial of John Scopes, a high school teacher in Tennessee, for teaching the theory of evolution in violation of state law.
Sugar Act The Sugar Act, also known as the American Revenue Act, was a revenue-raising act passed by the British Parliament in April, 1764.
Stamp Act The Stamp Act an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents.
Intolerable Acts The Intolerable Acts were the American Patriots' term for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea party.
Unjustifiable Acts a list of document put out by the war department from 1784 to 1800.
The Boston Tea Party The government in London had given a British company the right to sell tea directly to the colonies, thereby undercutting American merchants.An act of defiance toward the British government by American colonists; it took place in 1773.
Checks and Balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
“Supreme Law of the Land” This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land.
Federal vs. State powers Powers that the Constitution explicitly grants the federal government.The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Reconstruction Reconstruction is the action or process of reconstructing or being reconstructed.
Rehabilitation Rehabilitation is the act of restoring something to its original state, like the rehabilitation of the forest that had once been cleared for use as an amusement park.
Federalism Federalism is the federal principle or system of government.
Trigger that began WWI The attack by Serbian extremists on the heirs to the Austrian throne on June 28, 1914 sparked what was called the "July Crisis" in Europe, which then later started WWI.
Music movement in the 1920s The Harlem Renaissance
Progressive Movement A movement for reform that occurred roughly between 1900 and 1920. Progressives typically held that irresponsible actions by the rich were corrupting both public and private life.
Main ideas of the Federalist Federalists are an advocate or supporter of federalism.
Main ideas of the Anti-Federalists Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.
Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was the name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York. During the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement"
Allied Powers of WWI Allied Powers, also called Allies, those nations allied in opposition to the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) in World War I or to the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) in World War II.
Gilded Age The Gilded Age was the time between the Civil War and World War I. During this time the U.S. population and economy grew very quickly. There was a lot of political corruption and many wealthy people lived very fancy lives.
Year for Women to gain vote 1922 was the year that women got the right to vote.
Prohibition Movement Prohibition was mandated under the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution. Enabling legislation, known as the Volstead Act, set down the rules for enforcing the ban and defined the types of alcoholic beverages that were prohibited.
Laissez Faire Laissez Faire a policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering.
Robert E. Lee Robert Edward Lee was an American soldier known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.
Factors that shaped the North’s development The factors are population, railroad mileage, iron/steel production, value of exports, wealth, large farms, and factories.
What was the North called during the Civil War The American Civil War was fought between the North (Union states) and the South (Confederate states). It lasted from 1861-1865, triggered by the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Lincoln wanted to end slavery and keep the Union together.
Created by: Alissajaaz