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AFOQTS Aviation

Aviation part of the AFOTS

TermDefinition
Four forces acting on the aircraft Lift, Drag. Gravity, Thrust
The color of airport taxiways at night Blue
Flight Envelope The region of altitude and airspeed in which the aircraft can be operated
Airfoil The thing on the aircraft that makes it lift such as wings, blade, sail
camber curvature
Chord the line that runs from the trailing edge to the leading edge
angle of attack the angle formed by the chord of the foil and the relative wind
fuselage body of the plane
two types of drags parasitic and induced drag
ammeter measures the electrical system of the aircraft
straight wings used in small planes to gain lift at slow velocities
swept wings most common, less drag but unstable at low speeds
delta wings used for supersonic speeds
empennage the tail of the aircraft
trim tabs small things on he tail to reduce pressure
aerodynamic stall happens when the airflow above the upper camber stops being laminar
air density in high temperatures lower air density, lower lift
air density in low temperatures higher air density, higher lift
hypoxia insufficient oxygen usually caused by high altitude
joystick controls rolls and pitch but not yaw
pitch rotation between the lateral axis. up and down like star fox
roll rotation along the longitudinal
yaw horizontal rotation. left or right
Mach number ratio between the speed of the aircraft and the speed of sound
aileron flaps control the roll
elevator controls the pitch
rudder moves the nose and controls the yaw
1 knot 8/7 mph
wing area proportional to lift and drag
cowling covers the engine
Bernoulli's principle increasing the fluid's velocity will decrease its pressure
The standard altimeter setting used in Class A airspace would be 29.92 in Hg
Boundary layer The very thin layer of air flowing over the surface of an aircraft wing, an airfoil
wing spoilers disrupt the boundary layer airflow, increase the lift, reduce induced drag
tachometer measures the revolutions per minute
headwind wind hitting directly in front, opposing motion
VSI vertical speed indicator
Created by: dancingmonkey013