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World History Vocab

TermDefinition
Geocentric Theory The Earth is the center of the Universe
Heliocentric Theory The idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around the sun.
Ptolemy His ideas on science influenced Muslim and European scholars from Roman times until the Scientific Revolution. He was a Greece-Roman writer famous as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet.
Kepler This astronomer stated that the orbits of planets around the sun were elliptical, the planets do not orbit at a constant speed, and that an orbit is related to its distance from the sun.
Copernicus Devised a model of the universe with the Sun at the center, and not earth.
Scientific Revolution A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and the questioning of accepted beliefs.
Aristotle A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a famous school, studied with Plato.
Galileo He was the first person to use a telescope to observe objects in space. He discovered that planets and moons are physical bodies because of his studies of the night skies.
Newton A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerate 1 kilogram of mass at 1 meter per second per second.
Law of Universal Gravitation The scientific law that states that every object in the universe attracts every other object.
Vesalius This was the scientist who began to study anatomy in depth. He is referred as the father of anatomy.
Fahrenheit A temperature scale with the freezing point of water 32 degrees and the boiling point of 212 degrees
Bacon This scientist spread the word about the experimental method and formalized the empirical method and combined his thinking with Descartes to form the scientific method.
Descartes (1596-1650) French philosopher, discovered analytical geometry. Saw Algebra and Geometry have a direct relationship. Reduced everything to spiritual or physical.
Scientific Method A series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions.
Jansen Ideas of 17th century French Catholics who favored Calvinist interpretation of Christianity just the same.
Created by: Chipmunk15270
 

 



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