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World War II

VUS.11a,11b,11c,11d,11e; VUS.12a,12b,12c,12d

Who was president during World War II? Franklin D. Roosevelt
What event started World War II in Europe? Hitler invaded Poland.
What were the Axis nations during World War II? Germany, Italy, Japan
What was the Battle of Britain? Hitler's air attack on Great Britain
What country did Hitler invade in mid-1941? the Soviet Union
What was the position of the U.S. during the first two years of World War II? neutral
What policy had strong support in the U.S. during the first two years of World War II? isolationism
Identify the Lend-Lease Act. Said the President could sell, lease, or lend military equipment to countries who were fighting the Axis powers
How did America's policy towards Japan change after the Japanese invasion of Manchuria and China? 1) Refused to recognize Japanese conquests in Asia 2) U.S. embargo on oil and steel exports to Japan
Why did U.S. get involved in World War II? Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor
Who was the leader of Germany during World War II? Adolf Hitler
Who were the Allies in World War II? Great Britain, Soviet Union, and United States
Who was the leader of Great Britain during World War II? Winston Churchill
Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during World War II? Joseph Stalin
What strategy did the Allies follow? Defeat Hitler first
What happened at El Alamein? British defeated the Germans in North Africa; turning point of the war in the Middle East
What happened at the Battle of Stalingrad? Soviets defeated the Germans; turning point of the war in Europe on the eastern front
What happened at the Normandy landings or D-Day? Allied troops defeated the Germans; turning point of the war in Europe on the western front
Who was commander of the Allied forces at the D-Day invasion? Dwight D. Eisenhower
What was the turning point of the war in the Pacific? Battle of Midway
What was the Allied strategy in the Pacific? Island hopping
What two Pacific islands did the Americans invade to get closer to Japan? Iwo Jima and Okinawa
How did the U.S. end the war in the Pacific? Dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
During World War II, who took factory jobs when the men went to war? women
What image represented American women who worked in factories during World War II? Rosie the Riveter
Who were the Tuskegee Airmen? African-American flyers during World War II
What were the Nisei regiments? Japanese-American regiments in World War II
What Native American language was used by the U.S. military during World War II for communication codes in the Pacific? Navajo
What international agreement set the rules for the humane treatment of prisoners of war? Geneva Convention
What happened on the Bataan Death March? Many American POWs in the Philippines suffered brutal treatment by their Japanese captors.
What is genocide? the systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group
What was the Holocaust? Nazi Germany's systematic murder of European Jews
What was Hitler's "final solution"? Exterminate (kill) all the Jews in Europe
What were the Nuremberg Trials? Trials of Nazi leaders for war crimes
In 1948 what nation was founded by Jewish settler living in Palestine? Israel
How did the U.S. maintain an adequate supply of products for the war effort? Rationing; each family received the right to buy a monthly allowance of essential items (sugar, gasoline, meat)
How did the Roosevelt administration finance World War II? 1) War bonds 2) Federal income tax
What African-American leader led the fight for desegregation of the armed forces and equal hiring in defense jobs? A. Philip Randolph
What was the Selective Service Act? the law that set up the first peacetime draft in American history
What happened to most Japanese-American during World War II? Put in internment camps, where they were made to stay until the end of the war
How did the Supreme Court rule in Korematsu v. United States? 1) Upheld the government's right to act against Japanese-Americans living on the West Coast 2) Upheld the policy to place Japanese-Americans in internment camps
What was the role of the American media and entertainment industries during World War II? Promoted nationalism
Define nationalism. Strong feeling of patriotism or devotion to one's country
Created by: wzuger