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electrolytes

acid-base/nutrition

QuestionAnswer
VITAMIN D RICH FOODS MILK, EGGS, CHEESE
VITAMIN D RICH FOODS MAINTAINS CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS LEVELS
VITAMIN K & E RICH FOODS GREENS, CABBAGE,
RED MEATS ARE RICH IN WHAT VITAMIN B
PROTEIN RICH FOODS WITH 9 ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS EGGS, MILK, KIDNEY BEANS, FISH, RED MEAT
HIGHER TO LOWER CONCENTRATION ; MOVEMENT OF A SOLUTE THRU A SEMIPERMEABLE MEMBRANE DIFFUSION
LESSER TO GREATER CONCENTRATION OSMOSIS
ECF IS WHAT % OF BODY WT? 20
CA+, K+, NA+ ARE CATIONS
HYPONATREMIA CAN CAUSE NEURO CHANGES/ COMA/SEIZURES
RENIN CAUSES CONVERSION OF AG TO AGii
SODIUM (NA+) LEVEL 135-145
POTASSIUM (K+) LEVEL 3.5-5.0
CHLORIDE 96-106
MAGNESIUM 1.5-2.6
PHOSPHATE 2.4-4.4
CALCIUM 8.6-10.2
HYPOKALEMIA WEAKNESS, MUSCLE TWITCHING, PEAKED T WAVES, PROLONGED P-R, WIDE QRS, ARRHYTHMIAS
1 LITER OF WATER = 2.2 LBS
ELECTRONICALLY CHARGED PARTICLES RESULTING FROM THE BREAKDOWN OF AN ELECTROLYTE IONS
MAGNESIUM SECOND MOST ABUNDANT CATION
mEq NUMBER OF GRAMS OF SOLUBLE SUBSTANCE DISSOLVED IN 1 ML OF NORMAL SALINE
BLOOD BUFFERS CHEMICAL SPONGES; CIRCLES IN THE BODY IN PAIRS, NEUTRALIZING ACIDS OR BASIS WITH HYDROGEN IONS
PCO2 LUNGS;RESPIRATORY BUFFER #2
HCO3 KIDNEYS; BUFFER #3
CHLORIDE NEGATIVELY CHARGED
INTERSTITIAL FLUID BETWEEN THE CELLS OR IN THE TISSUES OF THE BODY
INTRACELLULAR FLUID INSIDE THE CELLS
INTRAVASCULAR FLUID OR PLASMA WITHIN THE VESSELS
MAGNESIUM THE SECOND MOST ABUNDANT CATION IN THE INTRACELLULAR FLUID
POTASSIUM CATION
PHOSPHOROUS INTRACELLULAR ANION
SODIUM CATION / MOST ABUNDANT INTRACELLULAR
ANION NEGATIVELY CHARGED
CALCIUM MOST ABUNDANT MINERAL
MY PLATE DEVELOPED US. DEPT. OF AGRICULTURE
6 ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS FATS, CARBS, PROTEINS, VITAMINS, MINERALS AND WATER
ALL CARBS EXCEPT FATS ARE BROKEN DOWN IN DIGESTIVE TRACT INTO MONOSACCHARIDES - SIMPLE SUGARS
MONOSACCDHARIDES ARE ABSORBED AND THEN CONVERTED TO GLUCOSE
GLUCOSE USED BY THE CELLS FOR ENERGY
WHEN ENERGY IS MET CARBS ARE STORED AS GLYCOGEN
WHEN GLYCOGEN STORES ARE FULL FURTHER EXCESSES OF CARBS ARE CONVERTED TO FAT AND STORED AS ADIPOSE TISSUE
ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS FATS (LIPIDS) ARE ORGANIC SUBSTANCES
FATS AND CHOLESTEROL ARE LIPIDS
FATS PROVIDE SATIETY
FATS (OF ANIMAL ORIGIN AND SOLID AT ROOM TEMP./ INCREASING CHOLESTEROL LEVELS SATURATED FATTY ACIDS
UNSATURATED FATS / BLOOD CHOLESTEROL-LOWERING EFFECT: MONO OR POLYSATURATED - FROM PLANT SOURCES ARE LIQUID AT ROOM TEMPERATURE
TRANS FATS FATTY ACIDS / UNSATURATED FOODS THAT ARE FOUND IN HYDROGENATED VEGETABLE OILS / INCREASE CHOLESTEROL LEVELS
INTAKE OF DIETARY CHOLESTEROL SHOULD AVERAGE NO MORE THAN ____ PER DAY 300 MG
FATS MUST BE MULSIFIED BY BILE
LIPOPROTEINS ARE FACILITATE THE TRANSPORT OF LIPIDS IN THE BLOODSTREAM / HDL, LDL
AMINO ACIDS 22
ESSENTIAL OF AMINO ACIDS ARE 9
ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS ARE FROM THE DIET ARE COMPLETE
INCOMPLETE PROTEINS FROM PLANT ORGIN
LACTO -OVO DIET INCLUDES EGGS, FRUITS, VEGGIES, GRAINS AND DAIRY
KWASHIORKOR MALNUTRITION CAUSED BY SEVERE PROTEIN DEFICIENCY; MAY OCCUR IN THE PRESENCE OF ADEQUATE KILOCALORIES / DEMONSTRATE EDEMA
MINERALS CANNOT BE DESTROYED
MARASMUS
PROTEINS ARE AMINO ACIDS
FAT SOLUBLE A, D, E AND K
WATER SOLUBLE B AND C VITAMINS
ANTIOXIDANTS VITAMIN E AND C; PREVITAMIN FORM A (BETA-CAROTENE
VITAMIN C FOR IMMUNE FUNCTION
MINERALS CALCIUM AND SODIUM
DAILY WATER INTAKE AND OUTPUT 2500 ML
WATER LOSS REPLENISHED BY INGESTION AND METABOLISM OF FOODS/FLUIDS
GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE NEPHRONS FILTER BLOOD AT A RATE OF 125ML PER MIN. OR ABOUT 180 L PER DAY--LEADS TO 1-2 L OF URINE A DAY
KIDNEYS EXCRETE 30ML/HR
1 KG WILL REFLECT A LOSS OR GAIN 1 LITER OF BODY FLUID
SUBSTANCES ENTERING THE BODY BEGIN JOURNEY IN THE EXTRACELLULAR FLUID
PASSIVE TRANSPORT NO CELLULAR ENERGY - HIGH TO LOW CONCENTRATE
ACTIVE TRANSPORT CELLULAR ENERGY IS REQUIRED TO MOVE LOW CONCENTRATE TO HIGH
HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE FORCE BEHIND FILTRATION
OSMOSIS HYPERTONIC, ISOTONIC, HYPOTONIC (PASSIVE TPORT)
SODIUM 134-142 (CATION)
HYPOKALEMIA CAUSED BY RENAL EXCRETION
CHLORIDE 96-106 GOES DOWN WHEN SODIUM IS LOST
CHLORIDE AND SODIUM ARE FREQUENTLY PAIRED
HYPOCALCEMIA CAUSED BY DIARRHEA, INADEQUATE DIETARY INTAKE/ S/S ARE NEUROMUSCULAR
99% CONCENTRATED IN THE BODY - BONES/TEETH
CALCIUM INVERSE RELATIONSHIP WITH PHOSPHORUS
CALCIUM /VITAMIN D 800-1500 MG A DAY
MAGNESIUM INTAKE DAILY
Created by: 1088767264467722
 

 



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