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Chapter 3 Civics 8th

Test review

Separation of powers the idea that government should be split between two or more independent branches to prevent any one person or group from gaining too much power.
Constitutionalism the belief that governments should operate according to an agreed set of principles, which are usually spelled out in a written constitution.
Popular Sovereignty the principle that the people are the ultimate source of the authority and legitimacy of a government.
Bicameral made up of two houses, as in bicameral legislature
Individual Rights the rights and liberties that can be claimed by individuals by virtue of being human; also called natural rights or human rights
Limited government a political system in which the powers exercised by the government are restricted, usually by a written constitution
Rule of law the principle that government is based on clear and fairly enforced laws and that no one is above the law
Majority Rule the idea that decisions approved by more than half of the people in a group or society will be accepted and observed by all of the people.
Where did direct democracy come from? in the direct democracy of Athens, the citizens did not nominate representatives to vote on legislation and executive bills on their behalf (as in the us) but instead voted as individuals.
Where did representative government come from? It came from the roman republic.
Who could vote during this time period? White, male, landowners
How was the social contract used by John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?
Baron de Montesquieu
James Madison
What was the articles of confederation it was the first form of government in the united states
What are the weaknesses of the articles of confederation there are multiple weaknesses of the articles of confederation, three are: nine of the thirteen states have to agree in order to pass something, lacked a central government, and the states could choose to follow laws.
Created by: domspi833
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