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Info about mummification, pharaohs, pyramids and more!

Delta A fan-shaped area that is very fertile and flat. Made of silt that was dropped by a river as it drained into a larger body of water.
Shadoof Something that was used to lift water onto fields to help water the plants and crops.
Unification Means the joining of separate parts into one. Also a longer term for unifies.
Pharaoh The "king" or "queen" of Egypt
Old Kingdom Began in 3100 b.c. when Upper Egypt united with Lower Egypt. It ended in 2000 b.c. when Upper Egypt rebelled against Lower Egypt.
Mummification A process used to preserve the bodys of the dead by using spices and minerals, then by wrapping them with strips of linen cloth
Pyramid Were built out of cliffs of stone and were built as burial places/tombs for the pharaohs
Hieroglyphics A writing system that the ancient egyptians used in Egypt. It had over 800 picture symbols
Rosetta Stone It had the same passage written in three different languages; greek, hieroglyphics, and demotic. in 1822, Jean Champollion discovered the stone and since she could read greek, she was able to decode hieroglyphics.
Papyrus A reed plant that grew along the Nile River. Egyptians used it as a type of paper.
Economy The way a country manages its resources to produce goods and services.
Expedition A journey under-taken for a specific purpose.
Cataract A steep rapid in a river.
Social Pyramid A triangle-shaped chart that shows the rank of people in its society.
Silt Loose soil carried by water.
Menes The king of Upper Egypt. Led his army to defeat Lower Egypt and create unity in Egypt.
Khufu The pharaoh who's pyramid was built in 2600 b.c.; took 22 years to build; and was made of entire cliffs of stone
Jean Champollion The french scholar that discovered the Rosetta Stone in 1822, and decoded hieroglyphics.
Imhotep An architect who designed one of the first known pyramids. Designed it for Pharaoh Khufu.
Ahmose I A pharaoh who's army attacked Lower Egypt and defeated the Hyksos. After, a new period of Egyptian history began; the New Kingdom
Amenhotep I Egypt reached its greatest glory under his rule. Became pharaoh in 1546 b.c. Made many allies and traded with people in Africa, Asia, and Southern Europe.
Hatshepsut The first woman pharaoh known to history. Took responsibilities of being a pharaoh seriously. Gave Egypt a long period of peace and wealth. Was also a great builder.
Akhenaton Became pharaoh in 1379 b.c. Forbade the worship of Amon, the chief god, and made Egypt a monotheistic country. He made everyone only worship Aton, the sun god. He was so unpopular that when he died, people forgot him.
Ramses II The last strong pharaoh that ruled for an incredible 67 years! He was a wise and powerful ruler, but the New Kingdom collapsed about 100 years after he died.
Hyksos Were skilled in warfare and in battle, they used horses and chariots. The Egyptains did not know about these things.
Tutankhamun (King Tut) His dad was Akhenaton. He changed his name to Tutankhamun. Died when he was 19. His stepmom was Neferititi.
Egypt A country in northern Africa.
Nile River The worlds longest river. Flows through Egypt. Without it, there would not have been life on Egypt.
Lower Egypt Located in Northern Egypt. Called Lower Egypt because the Nile flows downstream in that region.
Upper Egypt Located in Southern Egypt. Called Upper Egypt because the Nile flows upstream in that region.
Memphis Menes's capital. Located in Lower Egypt.
Created by: DramaLlama2023
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