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HNRS HIST CH.7/8 TST

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian Honors Hist. Ch. 7 & 8 Unit Test 2017

QuestionAnswer
What is the difference between a "unicameral" and a "bicameral" legislature? A "unicameral" legislature has just one house (ex: the Virginia House of Burgesses). A "bicameral" legislature has two houses. (Pg. 167)
What does the term "proportional representation" relate to? This term relates to having legislative representation based on ("in proportion to") a state's population.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1784 provided for _____________________________________. The creation of five new states in the Northwest Territory: Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, & Wisconsin.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1785 provided for _______________________________________. The terms of the sale of land in the Northwest Territory and the creation of townships, which are 640 acre plots of land.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 provided for ___________________________________. The requirement that an area needed 60,000 white males residing within its boundaries before it can apply for statehood.
What are the two (2) types of positions that voters considered during the first elections following the Revolutionary War? Federalists & Anti-Federalists.
Who joined forces with wealthy merchants & shippers to support the Constitution? Artisans, shopkeepers, and laborers.
What did the framers of the Constitution believe the ratifying conventions give? They believed it would give citizens a more direct role in political decisions.
How did the framers add to their advantage of getting the Constitution established? They declared that only 9 states needed to approve the Constitution.
Who was Boston's most effective revolutionary propagandist? Mercy Otis Warren.
The Pro - Constitution forces dubbed their opponents what name? The Anti-Federalists.
What is a "fait accompli"? "An accomplished deed or fact that cannot be reversed or undone".
Who was Washington's choice for Secretary of State? Thomas Jefferson.
What were the "Federalist Papers"? A series of written essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison that promoted the ratification of the United States Constitution.
What is "despotism"? "Rule by a tyrant".
What was the Bill of Rights and what did it do? The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. They spelled out the government's commitment to protect Civil Liberties.
What is a "protege"? "An individual whose welfare or career is promoted by an influential person".
How did Washington become president? By a unanimous vote of the Electoral College.
What did "civil liberties" guarantee? The new national government could not limit free speech, interfere with religious worship, deny U.S. citizens the right to bear arms, force quartering of troops in private home, etc.
Why did the framers of the Constitution ask for special state ratifying conventions? The framers believed that the conventions would give citizens, including themselves, a more direct role in this political decision, by passing the state legislatures which stood to lose power under the new gov. & those likely to oppose it.
Who were the Federalists? They believed that the state government should have less power than the national government.
What was the Judiciary Act of 1789? This was the law that established the Supreme Court and the lower federal court system. It gave the Supreme Court the right to review state laws and state court decisions to determine their constitutionality.
Who were the Anti-Federalists? Mostly western farmers living far from the east coast. They were determined to protect the power of individual states. They were also concerned about whether state or the federal government would be supreme.
A "confederate" style of government is characterized by _______________________________. A system where states have more power than the federal government.
What was the difference between the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan? The Virginia Plan proposed a "bicameral" ("two-house") legislature while the New Jersey Plan proposed a "unicameral" ("one-house") legislature.
What was the Three - Fifths Compromise? It stated that three - fifths of the slave population would be included in a state's census (or "headcount").
What was the Great Compromise and who proposed it? Roger Shermann of Connecticut proposed that the "lower" house (House of Representatives) would have proportional representation and the "upper" house (the Senate) would have equal representation.
What are "tariffs"? "Import taxes on certain foreign goods".
Who or what is a "speculator"? "A person who buys and sells land or some other commodity in the hope of making a profit".
What does the term "ratification" mean? "The act of approving or confirming a proposal".
What were the Articles of Confederation? The plan to create a government system that was submitted by John Dickinson of Pennsylvania. Originally, it called for a strong national government, but this changed as members of the Continental Cogress changed it so that state governments had more power
What was the Massachusetts Government Act? It placed a loyalist in charge of local town meetings to try and prevent anti-British discussions.
Why did the Parliament and King George III pay more attention to Massachusetts (where law - making is concerned) instead of any of the other 13 Colonies? Because Massachusetts was the center of anti-British protest and rebellion. It was also home to one of the most active revolutionary groups: the Sons of Liberty.
List two (2) weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. 1.) The federal government did not have the power to tax citizens, so it could not pay for any federal programs; 2.) The federal government could not regulate trade between states. (Pg. 168)
What happened during the events of Shay's Rebellion? A disgruntled farmer from Massachusetts led a mob of farmers in a march on the capital. The government had voted down "stay laws". They freed several imprisoned farmers who hadn't been able to pay their debts. (Pg. 174)
What were "Stay Laws"? These were laws that were proposed in Massachusetts in the late 1700's. They would have temporarily stopped creditors from foreclosing on lands & farming equipment. This would have allowed farmers to keep their land. (Pg. 174)
Who were "nationalists" (where the debate over a new U.S. Constitution was concerned)? This group of people favored a strong national (i.e. federal) government rather than the limited one they had under the Articles of Confederation. (Pg. 175)
What does the term "veto" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the power or right of one branch of government to reject the decisions of another branch". (Pg. 177)
Why were American delegates sent to France in 1797? Delegates were sent here to meet with the French foreign minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand to try and calm France's fears that "pro-British sentiments" were growing in the U.S. (PowerPoint Notes.)
Why were some American citizens angry with the U.S. government following the passage of "Jay's Treaty"? Some Americans thought that passage of this treaty was a betrayal of France, without whose assistance the United States would not have been able to win the Revolutionary War. (PowerPoint Notes.)
What did the French government do that angered newly elected President John Adams, leading him to send delegates to France? The French government authorized the seizure of American ships . (PowerPoint Notes.)
List two (2) of the demands that Talleyrand said must be met before he would meet with American ambassadors during the X,Y,Z Affair. 1.) A large, low - interest loan to the country of France, 2.) A personal bribe of $250,000. (PowerPoint Notes.)
How did the "X,Y,Z Affair" end? This event ended when Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the French government that had been responsible for starting it. Napoleon was more interested in creating an empire than continuing the conflict with the U.S. (Pg. 203)
What does the term "sedition" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "conduct or language inciting rebellion against the authority of a state". (Pg. 202)
What did the 12th Amendment do/ create? This amendment "required separate balloting in the Electoral College for vice president and president". (Pg. 205)
What did the Judiciary Act of 1801 do/ provide for? This Act "greatly expanded the federal court system". (Pg. 205)
What did President Thomas Jefferson believe were the "greatest dangers to the (American) republic? 1.) High population density and its associated social evils; 2.) The concentration of money and power in the hands of a few. (Pg. 206)
What does the term "supply and demand" refer to? This phrase refers to the idea that the price of a good is determined by: 1.) how much of the good is available (supply), and; 2.) How many people want to buy it (demand). (Pg. 206)
What are the duties of a "justice of the peace"? Their duties include hearing small claims cases and minor criminal cases. (Pg. 207)
What did the "Marbury vs. Madison" Supreme Court case lead to? The decision in this case led to the idea of "judicial review". (Pg. 209)
What does the term "judicial review" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that the Supreme Court has the authority to review laws to ensure their Constitutionality. (Pg. 209)
What does the term "impeach" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "formally charging a public official with a criminal offense while they are still in office". (Pg . 210)
List two (2) things that the Louisiana Purchase accomplished. 1.) It doubled the size of the United States; 2.) It "secured the Mississippi River for shipments of American agricultural products to industrial Europe". (Pg. 212)
What task did President Jefferson assign to William Clark, Meriwether Lewis, and the rest of the Corps of Discovery? Jefferson assigned them the task of exploring the entirety of the Louisiana Purchase and documenting all of the "flora and fauna" (i.e. plant and wild life) they found their and reporting their findings to him.
Created by: sticklerpjpII