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Civil War causes

The causes of the Civil War.

The Missouri Compromise Occurred in 1820 Maine was admitted to the Union as a free state and Missouri was entered a slave state All of the Louisiana Purchase territory north of the southern boundary of Missouri, except Missouri, would be free
Nullification Doctrine Occurred during Andrew Jackson’s presidency Declared that states could block the enforcement of federal laws Written in the style of the Articles of Confederation Calhoun argued that the Constitution was an agreement amongst sovereign states
Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 Congress passed a high tariff on goods Proceeds of the tariff would help the North exclusively South Carolina proclaimed these to be null and void Andrew Jackson sends troops to enforce the law
Compromise of 1850 Included the stipulation that California enter the Union as a free state
Fugitive Slave Law Law required U.S. marshals to aid in capturing escaped slaves Payment guidelines for the slave catchers and commissioner were viewed as unfair and prejudiced Passage of this law included a strong fugitive slave law
Kansas-Nebraska Act Disagreement occurred because of the territory gained from the Mexican War Stated that Congress never that the right to ban slavery in the territories
Nat Turner's raid Slave revolt that occurred in Virginia during 1831 Resulted in the passage of aggressive slave laws, including the prohibition to teach slaves to read and write Led by an educated, African American preacher
John Brown's raid Hanged for treason in 1859 His goal was to raise an army and then free enslaved people in the South Northerners considered this person a martyr An antislavery settler from Connecticut who committed violence in Kansas before his raid
Mexican War American troops capture Mexico City Prior to the skirmish, Texas territory secedes from Mexico Led to the Wilmot Proviso President Polk sends General Taylor to provoke Mexican troops
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Douglas promoted popular sovereignty Republican candidate (Lincoln) and Democratic senator (Douglas) Met in small Illinois towns to share their views on slavery Made Abraham Lincoln famous throughout the country
Dred Scott decision Ruled stated that no black man had the right to sue in federal court This person sued for his freedom in 1846
Election of 1860 In response, South Carolina secedes, followed by six more states. John Breckinridge is the leading candidate in the South
Lincoln-Douglas Debates 2 “A house divided against itself cannot stand” Gave speeches stating that slavery should not be spread to the new Western territories
Created by: booknerd3