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Standard 2

Development of Economy & Society

Mercantilism The theory that the earth had a limited supply of wealth, so as one country grew stronger and richer, its enemies would grow weaker and poorer.
Effect of mercantilism on colonization American colonies could provide raw materials not found in the "mother" (European) country, so each country sought to control as much of N. America as possible- more land = more resources = more wealth
Transatlantic Trade Trade between continents across the Atlantic Ocean (Europe,e N. America, Africa)
Parliament control of Transatlantic Trade Passed laws requiring all American goods to be transported on British ships, levied taxes on American goods, restricted which countries American goods could be sold/shipped to
Middle Passage The term for the voyage slaves were sent on from Africa to America
Goods shipped from Europe to Africa Rum, cloth, guns, other manufactured items
Goods shipped from America to Europe Sugar, molasses, other raw materials/natural resources
African American culture Slaves developed their own culture- came from many different African societies and blended their traditions/languages to create a new culture in America
Benjamin Franklin Symbol of social mobility- born poor, worked his way up in society as a printer, author, philosopher, inventor, and politician. Believed education was the key to improving society & one's standing in it.
Great Awakening Religious revival between the 1730s and the American Revolution; placed emphasis on individual religious experience rather than on church doctrine
Causes of Great Awakening The suppression of other denominations by the Anglican Church in England made religion a 'routine.' Ministers began to appeal to people's emotional side & heart in their sermons, causing a rise in church involvement.
Influence of Enlightenment on Great Awakening Enlightenment emphasized logic, reason, and the power of the individual to understand the universe. People began to rely more upon themselves to understand God, rather than relying on the Church to interpret the Bible for them.
Religious impact of Great Awakening Broke up the Puritan and Anglican churches. Puritans split between Old Lights (traditional beliefs) and New Lights (new beliefs). Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians
Social impact of Great Awakening Split between wealthy and poor- wealthy stuck with established church, others moved to new churches
Governmental impact of Great Awakening Colonial governments passed laws favoring the denominations that were already established; practitioners of new denominations were persecuted
Created by: rbisacky