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|Fill in the blank. After the breakup of Charlemagne's empire, French counts and dukes ruled their lands independently under the ______________.
|What was the name of the dynasty started by Hugh Capet?
|Who did Phillip II, also known as Phillip Augustus, win against to gain the English throne?
|Which king established royal officials called baliffs?
|Fill in the blanks. In France, Church leaders were known as the __________, and the great lords as the ___________. The commoners, wealthy landowners, and merchants that Philip invited to participate in the council became known as the ___________.
|First Estate; Second Estate; Third Estate
|The growth of towns and villages and the breakup of the feudal system were leading to what kind of government?
|A more centralized government
|True or false: The Bubonic Plague is also known as the Death of Bubonia.
|False: It is also known as the Black Death
|True or false: The Bubonic Plague caused the deaths of one-fourth of the population.
|False: It killed one-third of the population.
|Who was the Anglo-Saxon king who ruled from 871 to 899?
|Alfred the Great
|Fill in the blank. In 1016, _______________, a descendant of Alfred the Great, took the throne.
|Edward the Confessor
|What were groups of people apart of the same business or profession called?
|What was one effect of the three-field system?
|Food production increased, leading to massive European population growth
|What were the three stages of being a member in a craft guild?
|Apprentice, Journeymen, Master
|What was the role of a guild master?
|Owned his own shop, worked with other masters to protect their trade, etc.
|What did a journeyman have to do to be accepted into a guild?
|Produce a masterpiece
|What were apprentices not allowed to do during training? How long was their training?
|Get married; 2-7 years
|Fill in the blank. Increased availability of trade goods and new ways of doing business changed life in Europe. Taken together, the expansion of trade and business is called the _________.
|True or false: Trade routes opened in Asia, in part by the Crusades.
|At the center of the growth of learning stood a new European institution the ________. The word originally referred to a group of scholars meeting wherever they could.
|Define vernacular in your own words.
|The everyday language of your homeland
|True or false: Thomas Aquinas argued that the most basic religious truths could be proved by religious argument.
|False; logical argument
|True or false: Aquinas and his fellow scholars who met at the great universities were known as schoolmen, or school-goers.
|True or false: When King Philip IV of France asserted his authority over French bishops, Phillip created an official document. It stated that he had appointed a new pope.
|False; Boniface responded with a document stating that kings will obey popes
|True or false: John Wycliffe preached that Jesus Christ, not the pope, was the true head of the Church.
|What was the division of the church called?
|The Great Schism