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Ch 17 Vocab

TermDefinition
FIfity-four forty or fight Slogan adopted by mid-ninteenth century expansionists who advocated the occupation of Oregon territory, jointly held by britian and the united States. Though President Polk had pledged to seize all of Oregon, to 54' 40, he settled on the forty-ninth paral
Liberty Party Antislavery party that ran candidates in the 1840-1844 elections before mernging with the Free soil party. Supporters of the Liberty Party sought the eventual abolotion of slavery, but in the short term hoped to halt the expansion of slavery into the terr
Walker Tariff Revenue-enhancing measure that lowered tariffs from 1842 levels thereby fueling trade and increasing Treasure receipts
Spot Resolutions Measures introduced by Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln, questioning President James K Polk's justification for war with Mexico. Lincoln requested that Polk clarify precisely where Mexican forces had attacked American troops.
California Bear Flag Republic Short-lived California republic, established by local American settlers who revolted against Mexico. Once news of the war with Mexico reached the Americans, they abandoned the Republic in favor of joining the United States
Battle of Buena Vista Key American victory against Mexican forces in the Mexican-American War. Elevated general Zachary Taylor to national prominence and helped secure his success in the 1848 presidential election.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Ended war with Mexico. Mexico agreed to cede territory reaching north-west from Texas to Oregon in exchange for 18.25 million in cash and assumed debts.
Conscience Whigs Northern Whigs who opposed slavery on moral grounds. Conscience Whigs sough to prevent then annexation of Texas as a slave state, fearing that the new slave territory would only serve to buttress the Southern "slave power"
Wilmot Proviso Amendment that sought to prohibit slavery from territories acquired from Mexico. Introduced by Pennsylvania congressman David Wilmot, the failed amendment ratcheted up tensions between North and South over the issue of slavery.
Tariff of 1842 Protective measure passed by Congressional Whigs, raising tariffs to pre-Compromise of 1833 rates.
Caroline Diplomatic row between the United States and Britain. Developed after British troops set fire to an American streamer carrying supplies across Niagara River to Canadian Insurgents, during Canada's short-lived insurrection.
Creole American ship captured by a group of rebelling Virginian slaves. The slaves successfully sought asylum in the Bahamas, raising fears among Southern planters that the British West Indies would become a safe heaven for runaway slaves.
Aroostook War Series of clashes between American and Canadian lumberjacks in the disputed territory of northern Maine, resolved when a permanent boundary was agreed upon in 1842
Manifest Destiny Belief that the United States was destined by God to spread its "empire of liberty" across North America. Served as a justification for mid-nineteenth century expansionism.
Created by: Jerry223
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