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Chapter:17 vocab.

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Tariff of 1842 a protective tariff reluctantly signed by Tyler, the tariff was suppose to push the down the rates about the moderately protective level of 1832. Included 32% dutiable taxes. it help the country escape depression.
Caroline An American steamer carrying supplies to the insurgents across the Niagra River. Was attacked in New York by a determine British force, and set the vessel on fire. only one American was killed.
Creole an American ship captured by 130 rebelling slaves in 1841.
Aroostook War a series of clashes between Canadian and American lumberjacks for undisputed land in Northern Maine, resolved when a permanent boundary was agreed upon in 1842.
Manifest Destiny belief that the United states was destined by God to spread its "empire of liberty" across North America. served as a justification for mid-nineteenth century expansionism.
"Fifty-four forty or fight" Slogan adopted by the mid- nineteenth- century expansionists who advocated the occupation of Oregon territory, jointly held by Britain and the United States. though {resident Polk had pledged to seize all of Oregon, to 54 degree 40 degree, he setled on th
Liberty party Antislavery party that ran candidates in 1840 and 1844 elections before
Walker Tariff Revenue-enhancing measure that lowered tariffs from 1842 levels thereby fueling trade & increasing Treasury receipts.
spot resolutions Measures introduced by Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln, questioning Pres. James K. Polk's justification for war w/ Mexico. Lincoln requested that Polk clarify precisely where Mexican forces had attacked American troops.
California Bear Flag Republic Short-lived California republic, established by local American settlers who revolted against Mexico. Once news of the war w/ Mexico reached the Americans, they abandoned the Republic in favor of joining the US.
Battle of Buena Vista Key American victory against Mexican forces in the Mexican-American War. Elevated General Zachary Taylor to national prominence & helped secure his success in the 1848 presidential election.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Ended the war w/ Mexico. Mexico agreed to cede territory reaching the northwest from Texas to Oregon in exchange for $18.25 million in cash and assumed debts.
Conscience Whigs Northern Whigs who opposed slavery on moral grounds. Conscience Whigs sought to prevent the annexation of Texas as a slave state, fearing that the new slave territory would only serve to buttress the southern "slave power"
Wilmot Proviso Amendment that sought to prohibit slavery from territories acquired from Mexico. Introduced by Penn. congressman David Wilmot, the failed amendment ratcheted up tensions between North & South over the issue of slavery.
Created by: reypickle1999