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U.S. History

Progressivism: A political movement that believed that rapid industrialization and urbanization created social problems that an efficient and responsive government must fix.
Initiative: Voters can force a vote on an issue
Referendum: Voters directly vote on an existing law
Recall: Voters can remove an elected official
Temperance: The practice of not indulging in alcoholic drinks.
Suffrage: The right to vote in elections.
Federal Reserve: Sets interest rates and controls circulation of money
16th Amendment: Graduated Income Tax is a tax on people’s earnings
19th Amendment: Forbids voting rights discrimination anywhere in the US based on sex
Union: An organized group of workers
Muckraker: Someone who searched for and exposed corruption or scandal in society
Upton Sinclair: Author of “The Jungle” a muckraking novel that exposed problems in American society such as harsh life for immigrant, poor working conditions, and unsanitary practices in the meatpacking industry.
Jacob Riis: Author of “How The Other Half Lives” A book of photographs about the wretched conditions in the cities and slums.
The Jungle: A muckraking novel that exposed problems in American society and made people see the unsanitary practices in the meatpacking industry more than the harsh life or poor working conditions of workers.
Meat Inspection Act: Food packing plants must be sanitary.
What did Progressives believe was the cause of social problems? Crime, illiteracy, Alcohol, Poor working conditions, Dangerous buildings, Sanitation, Women's Suffrage, Child Labor
Who did Progressives believe should help society? Government
What Acts were the result of The Jungle? -Meat Inspection Act of 1906 -Pure Food and Drug Act
Why were immigrants attacked? For taking jobs and working for low wages
How did Roosevelt help protect the natural environment? -Preserving 100 million acres of National Forest -Improving western irrigation systems
Theodore Roosevelt Created Square Deal allowing people to have the same opportunities. Enforced MEat Inspection Act, Pure Food and Drug Act.
William Howard Taft Continued Roosevelt's policies. Set aside 2x as much federal land and dissolved 90 trusts.
Woodrow Wilson Supported 19th Amendment, allowed unions to strike, 8-hour workdays, and loaned money to farmers with low interest rates.
Positive effects of Progressivism: -Improved working condition, like meat factories -Protected Women's rights -Progressive presidents ended political machines and trusts/monopolies -Stronger federal policy -Stronger diplomacy -United the people
Causes of Progressivism: Temperance, Child Labor, Women's Suffrage, Crime, Poor working conditions, Dangerous buildings, Sanitation
Created by: gglez