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|a traditional story that explains the practices or beliefs of a people or something in the natural world
|a long poem that records the deeds of a legendary or real hero
|a belief in one God
|He wanted to be granted immortality
|a wild man created by the gods
|he and his wife were granted immortality
|fine particles of fertile soil
|a person who copies or writes out documents; often a record keeper
|a belief in more than one god
|the boat man who ferried Gilgamest to the underworld
|a great Goddess
|a group of merchants traveling together for safety, usually with a large number of camels; a group of traveling merchants and animals
|Land between two rivers
|-rebuilt by Nebuchadnezzar -had the Hanging Gardens -had a complex irrigation system -built many canals -collected high taxes and tributes
|a pyramid-shaped structure with a temple at the tops, has many terraces
|writing developed by the Sumerians that used wedge-shaped marks made in soft clay
|a heavy object swung or rammed against a door to break it down.
|a city that governs itself and its surrounding territory
|a large territory or group of many territories governed by one ruler
|a territory governed as a political district of a country or empire
|Curved strip of land that runs from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf
|a system that supplies dry land with water through ditches, pipes, or streams
|What are the two main rivers in Mesopotamia?
|Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
|What were the rivers effect on people?
|When the rivers would flood, the water would bring silt which would make the soil fertile. The people were able to farm because the soil was fertile.
|Why was writing first invented?
|to keep records of trade
|What types of literature did they write once writing became more advanced?
|Epics and stories
|Difference/connection between an empire and a province
|An empire is made up of a bunch of provinces (Think New Jersey= Province, USA= Empire
|Material did the scribes of Mesopotamia use to write on
|Wrote on clay using a stylus
|Importance of Hammurabi's code
|-provide laws to all people -very strict -protected the less powerful -influenced later laws
|Who united Sumer’s city-states to form Babylonia?
|Who invented the wheel?
|Purpose of irrigation
|allowed farmers to water their crops using canals filled by the flooding rivers
|a messenger sent by God to share God’s word with people
|a person who studies planets and stars
|an amount that is left over after a need has been met
|payment made to a ruler or state as a sign of surrender; payment to a ruler as a sign of submission or for protection
|Upper class- Kings, priests, warriors, government officials Middle Class- Merchants, farmers, fishers, and artisans (largest social group) Lowest Class- enslaved people