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Mesopotamia Test

Myth a traditional story that explains the practices or beliefs of a people or something in the natural world
epic a long poem that records the deeds of a legendary or real hero
monotheism a belief in one God
Gilgamesh He wanted to be granted immortality
Enkidu a wild man created by the gods
Utnapishtim he and his wife were granted immortality
silt fine particles of fertile soil
scribe a person who copies or writes out documents; often a record keeper
polytheism a belief in more than one god
Urshanabi the boat man who ferried Gilgamest to the underworld
Ishtar a great Goddess
caravans a group of merchants traveling together for safety, usually with a large number of camels; a group of traveling merchants and animals
Mesopotamia Land between two rivers
Babylon -rebuilt by Nebuchadnezzar -had the Hanging Gardens -had a complex irrigation system -built many canals -collected high taxes and tributes
ziggurat a pyramid-shaped structure with a temple at the tops, has many terraces
cuneiform writing developed by the Sumerians that used wedge-shaped marks made in soft clay
battering ram a heavy object swung or rammed against a door to break it down.
bazaar a marketplace
city-state a city that governs itself and its surrounding territory
empire a large territory or group of many territories governed by one ruler
province a territory governed as a political district of a country or empire
fertile crescent Curved strip of land that runs from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf
irrigation a system that supplies dry land with water through ditches, pipes, or streams
What are the two main rivers in Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
What were the rivers effect on people? When the rivers would flood, the water would bring silt which would make the soil fertile. The people were able to farm because the soil was fertile.
Why was writing first invented? to keep records of trade
What types of literature did they write once writing became more advanced? Epics and stories
Difference/connection between an empire and a province An empire is made up of a bunch of provinces (Think New Jersey= Province, USA= Empire
Material did the scribes of Mesopotamia use to write on Wrote on clay using a stylus
Importance of Hammurabi's code -provide laws to all people -very strict -protected the less powerful -influenced later laws
Who united Sumer’s city-states to form Babylonia? Hammurabi
Who invented the wheel? the Sumerians
Purpose of irrigation allowed farmers to water their crops using canals filled by the flooding rivers
prophet a messenger sent by God to share God’s word with people
astronomer a person who studies planets and stars
surplus an amount that is left over after a need has been met
tribute payment made to a ruler or state as a sign of surrender; payment to a ruler as a sign of submission or for protection
Social classes Upper class- Kings, priests, warriors, government officials Middle Class- Merchants, farmers, fishers, and artisans (largest social group) Lowest Class- enslaved people
Created by: kyankowski
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