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AQA Unit 5

Health a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity
Bronchitis Inflammation of the air passes between the nose and the lungs
Prescription drugs Drugs that cannot be bought over the counter but only with a doctor's prescription
Performance-enhancing drugs A type of unlawful drug that can help to improve sporting performance
Athlete's foot A fungal infection between the toes
Fitness Good health or good condition, especially as the result of exercise and proper nutrition
Exercise An activity that requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness
Sedentary Sitting down or being physically inactive for long periods of time
Bones Long, short, flat and irregular are types of what...
Joint A connection point between two bones where movement occurs
Tendons Very strong, non-elastic cords that join the muscles to the bones
Cartilage A tough but flexible tissue that acts as a buffer between the bones at joints.
Ligaments Bands of fibre attached to the bones that link the joints.
Synovial Where bony surfaces are covered by cartilage, connected by ligaments with a joint cavity containing synovial fluid
Articulation A movable joint between inflexible parts of the body
Origin The end of the muscle attached to the fixed bone
Insertion The end of the muscle attached to the bone that moves
Prime mover The muscle that initially contracts to start a movement, also known as the 'agonist'
Antagonist The muscle that relaxed to allow a movement to take place
Skeletal muscles These muscles helps to give the body its shape
Cardiac muscles These are a form of involuntary muscles as they work automatically and constantly. They are found in the walls of the heart, working to make sure that the heart is beating consistently.
Involuntary muscles These are muscles that you cannot control, which are find in the walls of the intestines and in the blood vessels.
Flexors The muscles that bend a limb at a joint by contracting
Extensors The muscles that work with and against the Flexors and that straighten a limb at a joint by contracting
Adductors The muscles that move a limb towards the body
Abductors The paired muscles for Adductors, which move a limb away from the body
Concentric When the muscle shortens (it also tends to bulge such as the biceps in the arm)
Eccentric When the muscle gradually lengthens and returns to its normal length and shape
Speed The ability to move all or parts of the body as quickly as possible
Strength The ability to bear weight
Power A combination of maximum amount of speed with maximum amount of strength
Dynamic strength Support body weight or be able to apply force
Explosive strength Used in one short sharp burst of movement
Static strength The greatest amount of strength that can be applied to an immovable object
Suppleness (flexibility) How far you can move around a joint
Cardiovascular endurance The ability of the heart and lungs to keep operating efficiently during an endurance event
Reaction time How quickly you are able to respond to a stimulus
Agility The ability to change direction at speed
Balance The ability to maintain a given posture in static and dynamic situations
Coordination The ability to link all parts of an action into one smooth movement
Timing The ability to co-ordinate movements in relation to external factors
Basic and Complex These are categories of skills
Open and Closed These are types of skill
Visual, Verbal and Manual These are types of guidence
Intrinsic and Extrinsic These are types of feedback
Created by: mkgriffiths10
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