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Philosophers

Rousseau, Locke, Smith, Hobbes

QuestionAnswer
Hobbes' view on people Man was evil. Naturally cruel.
Hobbes' thoughts on government Absolute monarchy that government should limit people
Hobbes' book that outlines his theories Leviathan
Hobbes' Social Contract Gave up a person's freedom for an organized government
3 branches of government organizations & explain Legislative makes laws, executive enforces laws, judicial interprets laws. (Montesquieu)
Locke's view on people People were born good
Natural Rights rights you were born with
locke's thoughts on government People should have more control and limit government
Publications from Locke Two Treatises of Government
Which american document did Locke's ideas show up in? The Declaration of Independence
Montesquieu limiting the power of government 3 separate powers that are even called separation of the powers
Where do Montesquieu's ideas show up? The Constitution
What Voltaire spoke out agaisnt religious intolerance and cencorship
Voltaire's quote "I may disagree with what you say, but I shall defend to death your right to say it."
Voltaire came up with what part of the American constitution? The first amendment- freedom of speech
How did Voltaire get his pen name? Kicked out of France and was arrested by the church
Smith: describe Lassez faire Lazy government that does nothing with economy and just lets it be
Smith: Free market businesses do what they want
Supply and demand government doesn't need to get involved because businesses know the demand.
What did Diderot value? education
Diderot religion and state? Wanted separation of church and state
Which theory did Diderot hate? "Will of God" which means the King could do what he wanted as long as he said its the will of God.
How did Diderot spread enlightenment? Wrote encyclopedia
Created by: lyndseyjeffries
 

 



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