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CMS - 8th History

Important Laws Passed by Congress

Land Ordinance (1785) organized the Northwest Territory on a grid system.
Northwest Ordinance (1787) established a government for the Northwest Territory and described rules that a territory would follow in order to become a state.
Alien and Sedition Act (1798) placed restrictions on immigrants in the country and restricted freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
Embargo Act (1807) restricted American trade with other countries.
Missouri Compromise (1820) preserved balance in Congress between slave and free states by admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a slave state; prohibited slavery north of the Missouri.
Indian Removal Act (1830) Indians east of the Mississippi River were to be moved to new lands in the West.
Compromise of 1850 preserved balance between free and slave states and said that Congress would not regulate slavery in the territories.
Fugitive Slave Act (1850) fugitive slaves in the North had to returned to their owners; they could not testify in court or have a trial by jury; and there were heavy penalties for anyone who helped an escaped slave.
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) repealed Missouri Compromise and allowed Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether they would allow slavery; this was the idea of popular sovereignty.
Civil Rights Act (1866) said that everyone born in the U.S. was a citizen and entitled to equal rights regardless of race.
Reconstruction Acts (1867) known as a Radical Reconstruction; imposed military control of southern states and said that they had to ratify the 14th Amendment and allow former slaves to vote.
Created by: phsv