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The goals & principles of the Constitution (Chapter 4-1)

What does "We the people" at the beginning of the Constitution show? The basic principle that the people have the right to govern themselves.
What did the states need to do to "Form a More Perfect Union"? Operate as a single country and cooperate on major issues
How would a national court system "Establish Justice"? Protect people's rights Hear cases involving violations of federal law Settle disputes among the states
What did the Founding Fathers mean when they wrote, "Insure Domestic Tranquility"? Keep the peace among the people
Why were the writers of the Constitution so concerned about trying to "Insure Domestic Tranquility"? Because of Shay's Rebellion
How did the new Constitution "Provide for the Common Defense"? It gave the federal government the power to maintain an armed forces
What are the four ways the Constitution "Promote the General Welfare"? Maintaining order Protecting individual liberties Regulating commerce (business & trade) and bankruptcies Promoting science and technology by granting patents
The Constitution wanted to "Secure the Blessings of Liberty" by guaranteeing what? That no American's basic rights will be taken away now or in the future
What are the SIX goals of the Constitution? Form a More Perfect Union Establish Justice Insure Domestic Tranquility Provide for the Common Defense Promote the General Welfare Secure the Blessings of Liberty
What major principle of the Constitution means the people have ultimate authority over our government? Popular Sovereignty
What words in the Constitution reinforce the idea of Popular Sovereignty? We the People
Republicanism is... a system of limited government where the people are the ultimate source of governmental power (the voters have sovereign power)
The Founding Fathers wanted the principle of "Limited Government" so they made certain the government would only have... those powers granted to it by the people
"Limited Government" can be described as the rule of law. What does the rule of law mean? No people, or groups, are above the law
Federalism is the system in which the power to govern is... shared between the national government and the state governments
Which powers is shared by the state and federal governments to provide for the public welfare, borrow money, and raise taxes? Concurrent Powers
Which powers belong only to the federal government to maintain the arned forces, regulate foreign trade, and coin money? Enumerated Powers
Which powers are retained by the state governments to regulate trade, establish schools, and pass marriage laws? Reserved Powers
The principle of the "Separation of Powers" led to the creation of what three branches of government? Legislative Executive Judicial
The Legislative Branch is made up of the... Congress
The main job of the Legislative Branch is to... make the laws
The Executive Branch is made up of the... President
The main job of the Executive Branch is to... carry out the laws
The Judicial Branch is made up of the... Supreme Court and the Federal Courts
The main job of the Judicial Branch is to.... interpret and apply the laws
The principle of "Checks and Balances" is to... limit the power of the other branches
How is the principle of "Individual Rights" promoted in the Constitution? in the Bill of Rights (first ten amendments to the Constitution)
What is the first step to amending the Constitution? proposing a new amendment
What is the second step to amending the Constitution? ratifying the new amendment
How may a new amendment be proposed? a 2/3 (67%) vote by BOTH houses of Congress (House & Senate) if 2/3 (67%) of the states petition Congress to call for a Constitutional Convention
How is a new amendment ratified? when 3/4 (75%) of the state legislatures approve it when 3/4 (75%) of the special constitutional conventions called by the states approve it
Created by: ColbyHistory