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Chapter 6 Stacks
|When did human migrations to the Americas and Oceania take place?
|after humans established the eastern part of the world
|What did coastal people of southeast asia do around 3000 BCE?
|they built large sailing canoes and stablished human life on the islands of the pacific ocean
|since when had humans establish life in almost all habitable areas?
|by 700 CE
|By 8000 to 7000 BCE, the people of Mesoamerica began to experiment with the cultivation of what ?
|of beans, chili peppers, avocados, squashes, and gourds
|turkeys and small barkless dogs that they ate.
|What did human laborers and human porters do?
|laborers prepared the fields for cultivation and porters carried trade goods back and forth because they couldn't domesticate animals to do that.
|What arose alongside agricultural villages?
|ceremonial centers with monumental pyramids, temles, and palacea arose along the villages
|Why did people visit these ceremonial centers?
|for ceremonies or markets
|Who started the firs complex societies in the Americas?
|What does olmec mean?
|the Rubber people
|Olmec cultural traditions influenced all other mesoamerican complex societies until what?
|until the arrival of the Europeans in the 1600's
|Why didn't the Olmec people build irrigation systems?
|since they're was heavy rainfall they built elaborate drainage systems to prevent flooding
|Why did the common subject regularly labor for the elite class?
|to building elaborate drainage systems, and alters, but also improving the artistic decoration of the capitals.
|From what central and souther regions did Olmec influence extend to?
|of Modern Mexico and beyond that into Guatemala and El Salvador
|How was Olmec influence spread?
|by military force
|Since when had the Olmec society fallen?
|by 400 BCE
|What did Mayan cultivators raise?
|cacao, corn, and cotton
|Why did Mayan kingdoms fight against each other constantly?
|It was not to kill enemies, but to capture them in hand-to-hand combat on the battlefield
|What happened to the captives?
|Most captives became sacrifices to the gods or died as slaves
|Which Mayan society was the only one that continued to flourish by 800 CE?