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Unit 2 History Test

confederation is a group of individuals united together for a purpose.
article a piece of writing included with others in a newspaper, magazine, or other publication.
legislative the branch that makes the laws
executive the branch that executes and carries out laws
judicial the branch that interpret the laws and make sure do not interfere with the Constitution
constitution a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
amendment a minor change in a document.
chamber a large room used for formal or public events.
preamble an introduction of something (The introduction of the Constitution)
representative democracy the government representing a group of people.
commerce the social dealing between people.
Congress the national legislative body of the government.
cabinet a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
foreign policy a government's strategy in dealing with other nations.
federalism is the idea that the national government shares power with the state governments.
ratify sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Anti-federalist the group that believed that the Constitution was not enough to protect their rights.
Federalist the group that believed that the Constitution was enough to protect the citizens’ rights.
naturalized admit someone to a country
double jeopardy to be tried twice for one case.
petition a written request to do something.
criminal trial a trial that is being fought against someone who broke the law.
civil trial a trial that is being fought because of a money or personal issue.
due process a legal requirement that the states must respect all legal rights that are owed to a person.
Definition of Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation explained how the 13 states would be governed as one nation.
Article 1 Was the legislative branch/ made laws
Article 2 Was the executive branch/carried out laws
Article 3 Was the judicial branch/interpreted laws
Article 4 Interaction between states
Article 5 How Constitution can be amended or changed
Article 6 How we are built around federalism which is when the national government shares power with the state government.
Article 7 How the Constitution could not be put in place unless 9 of the 13 states ratified it.
Legislative branch is split into? Two branches: House of Representatives and Senate
How are laws passed and made. Legislative Branch can not pass law if the president does not sign it off./ can be voted on by three-fourths vote
How are Supreme Court members appointed? Are appointed by the President.
What is the most important way an amendment can be proposed? Either Congress or the States can propose an amendment to the Constitution. Both Houses of Congress must propose the amendment with a two-thirds vote.
What is the most important way an amendment can be ratified? Three-fourths of the state legislatures must approve of the amendment proposed by Congress.
What did the Federalist want and believe? LIked Constitution, They debated the it is impossible to list every single right They believed once the rights are written, the ones not written would be taken advantage of by the government.
What did the Anti-Federalist want? Did not like Constitution/Wanted a list of citizens rights in the Constitution /They were worried that the national government would violate the people’s rights
Amendment 1 The people get freedom of religion, speech, and can protest when a complaint comes up.
Amendment 2 The people have the right to bear arms and will be protected by a military.
Amendment 3 Soldiers can not be quartered in any house without the permission of the owner.
Amendment 4 The people have the right to not have their houses searched, unless a warrant is placed by a court of law.
Amendment 5 No person will be subject to the same offense twice, be forced to be a witness against themselves, be deprived of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, and are subject to fair compensation.
Amendment 6 The people have the right to a fair and speedy trial by an unbiased jury, to have witnesses for and against him, and have the assistance of a counsel.
Amendment 7 A debate that exceeds twenty dollars will be handled in a United States court without jury.
Amendment 8 Excessive bail will not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Amendment 9 The items in the Constitution will not be constructed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
Amendment 10 The powers not sent to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or the people.
Preamble Introduction of Constitution
What was written in the Preamble? It introduces the Constitution, explains what the Constitution is meant to do, and describes the purpose of a new government.
What led to the Three-Fifths Compromise? Regional debate over slavery led to the Three-Fifths Compromise
New Jersey Plan how many chambers? The legislative branch has one chamber
How many votes did each state get in New Jersey Plan? Each states get one vote Small states liked this plan
What states liked the New Jersey Plan? Small states liked this plan
Virginia Plan how many chambers? The legislative branch has two chambers
How many votes did each state get in the Virginia Plan? The number of votes for each state depends on the state’s population
What states like Virginia Plan? Larger states with a bigger population liked this plan.
What did Rutledge want? Was from the south where slaves are needed, or economy is destroyed;he argued states rights and power.
PRO of Articles of Confederation States got to keep their own power and independence because it was not a strong government.
CON of Articles of Confederation Congress could not enforce laws
PRO of Articles of Confederation No government was telling them what to do
PRO of Articles of Confederation Gave the citizens protection by military
CON of Articles of Confederation Had no power to collect taxes for military
CON of Articles of Confederation To change them every state had to agree
CON of Articles of Confederation States had different need which made it hard to fit them
What did Morris want? Did not want slavery because slaves are not needed; he focused on morality
What was ignored in Constitution? The issue of slavery was ignored
What was the founder main priority? Founders needed 9 out of the 12 states to ratify the Constitution
What were different ideas the small and large states had? Repersentation and economic concerns
What were the two different debates in the great Compromise? Some wanted small changes to the Artciles of Confederation. Some wanted to rewrite the Artciles of Confederation completely.
What did the people disagree mostly over? How to make a strong government.
Created by: colem925