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HI Pp. 129-134
Ch. 11 QUIZ
|the Duke of Saxony; was elected to act as king of Germany; started the Saxon line of kings
|Henry the Fowler
|Emperor of the Romans; "gave birth" to the Holy Roman Empire
|Otto the Great
|What line of emperors succeeded the Saxons?
|Under whom did the German monarchy reach its peak of power?
|a few of the leading nobles who claimed the right of choosing king
|means "red beard"; the first Hohenstaufen line of emperors
|the single most powerful institution in western Europe
|the priests of the churches in Rome and other Italian cities
|an ambitious monk who served as an adviser to the popes
|Who greatly expanded the power and independence of the papacy by decreeing that the popes would be the priests?
|AKA Hildebrand; the real power behind the papal throne for nearly 30 years; prohibited the custom of lay investiture
|the power of emperors and kings to choose bishops and other church officials
|The papacy attained the zenith of its power and influence under whom?
|Pope Innocent 3
|What sanctioned the doctrine of transubstantiation?
|Fourth Lateran Council
|the belief that the bread and wine are miraculously transformed into the actual body and blood of Christ
|a special court with power to inquire about and judge matters of heresy
|Holy Office of the Inquisition
|clashed with the papacy by levying 50% taxes on the French clergy's annual income
|King Philip the Fair
|an official decree by the pope
|the act of moving the papal court from Rome to Avignon, France; was named this because it reminded some people of the 70-year period when the Israelites were taken captive by the Babylonian Empire
|"Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy"