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15.3 Cold War

15.3 The Cold War

Cold War a period of distrust between the US and Soviet Union after WWII when there was intense rivalry but no fighting between the two
superpower strong, influential country
capitalism an economic system in which individuals and private businesses run most industries; characteristic of market economy
arms race a competition between countries to build superior weapons
communist the Soviet Union's type of government
command the Soviet Union's type of economy
democracy the US's type of government
market the US's type of economy
United States and Soviet Union the two countries that emerged as superpowers after WWII
NATO (North Atlantic Trade Organization) alliance formed by the US and several western European countries in 1949
Warsaw Pact alliance formed by the Soviet Union and several eastern European countries in 1949
nuclear/atomic weapons many countries threatened to use these during the Cold War for protection
Mikhail Gorbachev Soviet leader who reduced government control of the economy, introduced democratic elections, improved relations with the US, and slowed the arms race
reunification the Cold War's end result on Germany
dissolution/break up the Cold War's end result on the Soviet Union
four number of zones the Allies divided Germany into after WWII
West Germany democratic country created when the US, UK, and France reunited their zones of Germany
East Germany communist country created from the Soviet zone of Germany
economic growth experienced by most of western Europe after WWII
shortages experienced by most of eastern Europe after WWII
Created by: anorris



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