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3.2 vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Social pyramid A pyramid that list the highest spot to the lowest spot. King,priest and government officials,merchant,scribes and artisan, farmers and last slaves.
Artisan a worker in a skilled trade; one that involves making this by hand
Merchant a person or company involved in wholesale trade, esp. one dealing with foreign countries or supplying merchandise to a particular trade
Scribe a person who copies out documents, esp. one employed to do this before printing was invented.
Patriarchal 1.relating to, or characteristic of a patriarch 2.relating to, or characteristic of a system of society or government controlled by men
sumer an ancient region in southwestern Asia, in present-day Iraq, comprising the southern part of Mesopotamia. From the 4th millennium bc it was the site of city states that became part of ancient Babylonia.
Akkadians of or relating to Akkad in ancient Babylonia or its people or their language.
Sargon the semilegendary founder of the ancient kingdom of Akkad.
Hammurabi the sixth king of the first dynasty of Babylonia, reigned 1792–1750 bc. He extended the Babylonian empire and instituted one of the earliest known collections of laws.
Babylon an ancient city in Mesopotamia, the capital of Babylonia in the 2nd millennium bc. The city was on the banks of the Euphrates River and was noted for its luxury, its fortifications, and, particularly, for the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
Neo-babylonian Empire The Neo-Babylonian Empire was a period of Mesopotamian history which began in 626 BC and ended in 539 BC. During the preceding three centuries, Babylonia had been ruled by their fellow Akkadian speakers and northern neighbours, Assyria.
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon 605–562 bc. He rebuilt the city with massive walls, a huge temple, and a ziggurat, and extended his rule over neighboring countries.
Ziggurats a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple
Cuneiform denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets
Irrigation supply water to (land or crops) to help growth, typically by means of channels.
Code of Law The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1754 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world.
Civilization the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced
City-state a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Empire an extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority,
Culture the customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group
Created by: mary.coleman0511
 

 



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