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Sociology C 5

Social Structure and Society

role an expected behavior associated with a particular status
right a behavior that individuals expect from others
obligation a behavior that individuals are expected to perform towards others
role performance the actual conduct, or behavior, exhibited by people as they carry out a role
social interaction any of the processes by which people influence one another as they interrelate
role conflict the situation that exists when expectations for, or perfomance of, a role in one status clash with expectations for, or performance of, a role in another status
role strain the situation that occurs when a person has trouble meeting the many roles connected with a single status
incompatible unable to be reconciled (unable to fix conflicts to that came exists between two roles)
social structure the pattern of social relationship within a group
status a position a person occupies within a social structure
ascribed status a position in a social structure that is neither earned nor chosen but assigned to a person
achieved status a position in a social structure that is earned or chosen
status set all the statuses a person occupies at any given time
master status a position that strongly influences most other aspects of a person's life
society a group of people living within defined territorial borders and sharing a common culture
hunting and gathering society a society that survives by hunting animals and gathering edible plants
accompany to go along with someone engaging in anactivity
horticultural society a society that survives primarily through using simple tools to grow plants
pastoral society a society in which food is obtained primarily by raising and taking care of animals
domesticated tamed (a plant or animal that is controlled by humans)
agricultural society a society that uses plows and draft animals (oxen, horses, etc.)
industrial society a society that depends on science and technology to produce basic goods and services
mechanization the process of replacing animal and human power with machine power
urbanization the shifting of the population from farms and villages to large cities
gemeinschaft a preindustrial society based on tradition, kinship, and close
gesellschaft an industrial society characterized by weak family ties, competition and impersonal social relationships
social solidarity the degree to which a society is unified
mechanical solidarity a type of social unity achieved by people doing the same type of work and holding similar values
consensus a broad agreement; an agreement by many/most within a group
organic solidarity a type of social unity in which members' interdependence is based on specialized functions and statuses
postindustrial society a society in which the economic emphasis is on providing services and information
Created by: ashbjj01