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Shahadah an Islamic creed declaring belief in the oneness of God and the acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet
Zakat one of the Five Pillars of Islam, mandatory for all Muslims. Zakat is not a charitable contribution, and is considered as a tax.
Salat prayers, said five times a day: the second of the Pillars of Islam
Siyam one of the main pillars of Islam. It is mentioned in the Holy Qur'an, "O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you, as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint."
Hajj the fifth pillar of Islam and the most significant manifestation of Islamic faith and unity
External Jihad an outer physical struggle against the enemies of Islam
Internal Jihad an inner spiritual struggle
Imam an Islamic leadership position
Hinduism A religion that developed in India over many centuries; it traces its roots to older traditions, such as Vedic beliefs and Brahmanism
Sanskrit an ancient Indian language
Vedas a collection of ancient writings viewed as sacred by many Hindus
Brahman The central divinity of Hinduism, Hindu for a supreme power.
Ramayana One of the two great Sanskrit epics of the Hindus, modeling dharma.
Hindu Someone who believes/follows Hinduism.
Aryans The group that migrated into northern India in 2000 BCE possibly bringing with them elements of what later will become know as Hinduism.
Dharma a belief found in Hinduism and other Indian traditions that a person has a duty or obligation to live an honorable life.
The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers which contained the first civilization was called _______________. Mesopotamia
__________ is the study of human culture, past and present. Anthropology
A document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. _______ sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. Correct! Primary
_________ sources interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. They may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them. Secondary
The river valley in ancient Mesopotamia is called the _____________________. Tigris-Euphrates River Valley
_____________ was used (form of writing) by the Mesopotamians to record information. This proves that the Sumerians had a ____________, which is one of the characteristics of civilization. Cuneiform, System of Writing
Created by: mmurray030



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