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Southern Colonies

Naval Stores products of pine forests use in maintenance and ship building
Toleration Act a guarantee that all christians have the right to worship as they please A guarantee that all Christians have the right to worship as they please (pick who they tolerate, only christians)
Indigo plant that produces blue dye
Urban relating to that within a city
Rural to be outside of a city; such as the country side
Tidewater the area around slow flowing rivers that are affected by ocean tides
Middle Passage the forced trip between Africa and America made by enslaved Africans
Slave Codes laws that denied enslaved Africans most of their rights
Joint- Stock Company A form of business organization
Charter Official document granting the right to settle and trade
Plaintations large farms worked by many labors
Indentured Servants Person who agreed to work for a specified time in exchange for passage to America
Burgesses elected representatives to a lawmaking body in the english colonies
Royal Colony A colony under control of the British king.
prohibition of slavery Banning slavery
alcohol volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating
Virginia (Jamestown) Leaders: John Smith Reasons founded: expand trade Industry: cattle & grain, TOBACCO, fishing & whaling Government: Major problem
Maryland Leaders: Cecil Calvert People: George Calvert ( Lord Baltimore) Reasons founded: profit from selling land, religious freedom Industry: Tobacco, fishing & whaling Religion: Roman Catholic Government: Proprietary rule
North and South Carolina Leaders: 8 aristocrats Reasons founded: profit from selling land & trade Industry: Fur trapping, cattle & grain, tobacco, rice & indigo, lumber & timber Government: Proprietary rule, royal colony, divided into precincts
Georgia Leaders: James Oglethorpe Reasons founded: Religious freedom, protection against Spanish Florida, home for debtors Industry: Rice, indigo, & tobacco Religion: Freedom to all except Catholics
Virgina (Jamestown) Cont'd an English noble named Sir Walter Raleigh tried to start a colony on Roanoke Island off the coast of present-day North Carolina The Indians welcomed these people and gave them traps to fish withfighting broke out between England and Spain
Virginia (Jamestown) Cont'd 2 the colonists had disappeared. merchants started a moneymaking company. Many of the indians would kill the americans let them starve to death Jamestown was saved.They lived in danger of indian attacks The union of Pocahontas and John Rolfe peace
Maryland Cont'd English people who remained Roman Catholic faced persecution and discrimination, so they found a safe place in America George Calvert tried to start a Roman catholic colony His son Cecil Calvert was granted the charter for Maryland, after George died
Maryland Cont'd 2 The land plan gave land to each settlers and extra acres for each servant with them Their waterways such as the Potomac River made it easier to ship goods to England Lord Baltimore the Toleration Act Only christians worship not Jews or Quakers
North and South Cont'd The profits made by tobacco planters encouraged English aristocrats to become proprietors of southern colonies. Carolina grew slowly at first The proprietors’ plan of large amounts of land to a few nobles was another problem affecting Carolinas growth
North and South 2 They did not open the land to less-wealthy settlers, which prevented from attracting large amounts of settlers Carolina was divided into two regions. (Charleston) was the main port city Many plantation owners used enslaved Africans
Georgia Cont'd Georgia was founded to help London’s Poor people While doing this Oglethorpe was investigating the conditions in debtor's prisons they could not be released until they paid their money and decided to start a colony to give them a second chance
Georgia 2 They set strict limits on how much land they could own, forbade the use of African slave labor, and outlawed the sale or use of liquor. Later the removal of the slaveholding prohibition, which contributed to growth and prosperity.
John Smith leader of the colonists
Pocahontas An indian girl who kept peace between the colonists and the Natives and married John Rolfe to bring peace.
Cecil Calvert The son of George who started the colony for Maryland after he died
George Calvert The father of Cecil who got the charter from the king to start the colony
Created by: sgoreja44
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