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English Colonies

Early English Colonies of North America

TermDefinition
Roanoke Island Known as the Lost Colony, this settlement was established as an economic venture.
Jamestown Settlement This first permanent English settlement in North America (1607) was an economic venture by the Virginia Company of London.
Plymouth Colony This colony was settled by separatists from the Church of England (1620) who wanted to avoid religious persecution.
Pilgrims A name often used to refer to the separatists who settled in Plymouth Colony
Massachusetts Bay Colony This colony was settled by the Puritans to avoid religious persecution.
Pennsylvania This colony was settled by the Quakers who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference.
Georgia This colony was settled by people who had been in debtor's prisons in England. These people hoped to experience economic freedom and to start a new life in the New World.
Sir Walter Raleigh After receiving a charter from Queen Elizabeth I, he attempted to establish a colony in the region of Roanoke Island with the goal of making money.
John White As governor of the colonists on Roanoke Island, he returned to England for supplies and "lost" his daughter and granddaughter along with the other colonists.
John Smith As governor of the colonists on Roanoke Island, he returned to England for supplies and "lost" his daughter and granddaughter along with the other colonists.
James Oglethorpe He received a charter from King George II to start a colony for debtors, hoping they could gain economic freedom and start a new life.
John Rolfe He is credited with bringing profit to the Virginia colony through his strain of tobacco and peace to the colony through his marriage with Pocahontas (renamed Rebecca).
economic venture a project or action taken in an attempt to make money
religious persecution the mistreatment of people because of their religious beliefs and/or practices
Separatists a group of people in England in the early 1600s who wished to form a church separate from the official Church of England - they suffered persecution in England - some settled in Plymouth Colony
Puritans a group of people in England in the early 1600s who wished to "purify" (reform or change the practices of) the official Church of England - they came to suffer persecution in England - some settled in Massachusetts Bay
Quakers Led to America by William Penn, this religious group suffered much persecution in the mid 1600s England because their beliefs greatly differed with the practices of the official Church of England. Many came to settle in Pennsylvania.
Mayflower Compact Written to promote unity among the settlers of the Plymouth Colony, this document is credited as the first that provided self-government in America, laying a foundation for the United States Constitution.
Created by: rwimer
 

 



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