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9th Grade SS

Classic Civilizations

TermDefinition
Classical Civilizations Relating to Greece, Rome, Han Dynasty China.
Ancient Greece A Classical Civilization in Europe
Impact of Geography on Greece Mountainous divided people into isolated valleys many small city states
City States The mountainous terrain created small separate city-states Examples: Sparta and Athens
Sparta Militaristic city-state of ancient Greece/ Government: Monarchy Turned conquered people into helots, slaves. Sickly children were abandoned to die.
Life as a Spartan Girl Rigorous upbringing - job was to have healthy children and maintain the house - could inherit property
Life as a Spartan Boy Military training for boys began at age 7 to age 30 - Rigid discipline - Hard exercise
Athens Government: a Limited Direct Democracy - a government ruled by the people (Male citizens). Basis for all democracy to follow
Citizens of Athens Only male citizens could participate in government. Many Athenians were slaves
Women of Athens No share in public life. Women must be guided by men. Women were protected from the outside world.
Golden Age of Greece From 460-429 BC, heightened prosperity, peace, art, Science, Architecture, Sculptures, Mathematics, and Literature
Greek Architecture Tried to convey a sense of perfect balance
Greek Sculpture Work was realistic, but idealistic
Socrates Ancient Greek philosopher from Athens; was tried and executed for "corrupting the youth" of Athens.
Plato Ancient Greek philosopher from Athens; a student of Socrates; wrote "The Republic".
Aristotle Ancient Greek philosopher; student of Plato; focused on Science
Ancient Rome The Roman Empire Geography of Italian Peninsula - shaped like a boot in the center of the Mediterranean Sea 509 BCE - beginning
Roman Officials Senators - landholding upper-class. Consuls - elected people that would supervise government and the army
Pax Romana "Roman Peace" - peace, order, unity, and prosperity
"All roads lead to Rome" Roman engineers built roads and bridges to connect the empire Traded with the world. At the height of its power the Empire controlled the entire coastal region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea
Aqueducts Bridge like stone structure that carried water from hills to the cities
Twelve Tables Rome's first code of laws (Roman Laws) They were written down for all to see
Fall of Rome Foreign Invasions. Military - lack of discipline and training Political - corrupt government officials. Social - decline of patriotism
Created by: pieronek
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