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History Imperialism

2015 first mp history test

TermDefinition
Admiral Mahan proposed four goals for the NAVY in 1890
Mahan's four goals 1. develop modern fleet to protect American interests and shipping 2. establish naval bases in the Caribbean 3. acquire Hawaii and other Pacific islands (1867-Midway Island) 4. construct a canal on the Panama Isthmus
Imperialism stronger nations extend economic, political and/or military control over weaker territories ("a nation expand beyond its borders")
Three things that lead to American Imperialism 1. economic competition among industrial nations 2. political and military competition 3. belief in the racial and cultural superiority of people of Anglo-Saxon descent
Economic competition among industrial nations America needed raw materials for industrial production-also needed new places to sell their products (needed Hawaii for its sugar and also to sell American made products)
Political and military competition many nations already established a global presence->America needed to build a stronger navy and military->U.S. built the third largest NAVY
Ethnocentrism evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture
white man's burden the task that white colonizers believed they had to impose their civilization on the black inhabitants of their colonies
queen liliuokalani sister of dead king Kalakua, created a new constitution representing all Hawaiians, "Hawaii for Hawaiians", revolution organized by planters from America, navy arrived, queen imprisoned
king kalakua king of Hawaii, changed constitution to benefit land owners, so that only people who owned land could vote,
John Stevens an ambassador in Hawaii for the us, let a business group, set up a provisional government and asked the us to annex Hawaii
Jose Marti Cuban exile, poet, launched a new effort to gain independence for cuba and spain. used guerilla warfare against Spanish, attacked American business interests to try and draw America into war with spain
Remember the maine the rallying cry for those wanting to intervene in cuba
yellow journalism writing style in which they exaggerated stories to sell papers vs opposing companies
Foraker act US federal law that established civilian government on the island of Puerto rico
platt ammendment withdrew souldiers from cuba and got cuba to sign a treaty
dollar diplomacy to create stability abroad and increase commercial interest using loans
treaty of paris 1898 give cuba independence, gave America Puerto rico and guam, allowed American to purchase the phillipines for $20 million
why America wanted to acquire hawaii business interests (raw materials), naval base, coaling station (stop on the way to China)
Created by: jchase1117